Confianza en la justicia y la policía en América Latina: Análisis de los efectos de las reformas procesales penales (1995-2013)

Resultado de la investigación: Review article

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

The study analyzes the effect of criminal justice reform in confidence in justice and police in Latin America, since 1995 to 2013. This research question is relevant given the legitimate problems inherited by military governments in the region. In order to answer this question, first, a brief framework about legal system in Latin America is presented. Then, criminal justice reforms are exposed, emphasizing in similarities and difference among the countries in this region. According to these characteristics, a conceptual cluster is proposed, which is include to test the influence of criminal justice reform in confidence in justice and police. After that, a conceptual framework about justice legitimate and procedural justice is presented, which allows to establish the major hypothesis of this study: criminal justice reform leads to higher rates of confidence in justice and police. Using data from Latinobarometer survey (1995-2013), in 18 countries from Latin America, results show that low and medium reach of the reforms are associated with higher rates of confidence, controlling the effect of some possible confounders. Finally, the article discusses the results and emphasizes the relevance of the moderation in the introduction of reforms in justice issues.

Idioma originalSpanish
Páginas (desde-hasta)141-164
Número de páginas24
PublicaciónReforma y Democracia
Volumen2016
N.º64
EstadoPublished - 2016

Huella dactilar

Latin America
police
confidence
justice
reform
military government
legal system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration

Citar esto

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title = "Confianza en la justicia y la polic{\'i}a en Am{\'e}rica Latina: An{\'a}lisis de los efectos de las reformas procesales penales (1995-2013)",
abstract = "The study analyzes the effect of criminal justice reform in confidence in justice and police in Latin America, since 1995 to 2013. This research question is relevant given the legitimate problems inherited by military governments in the region. In order to answer this question, first, a brief framework about legal system in Latin America is presented. Then, criminal justice reforms are exposed, emphasizing in similarities and difference among the countries in this region. According to these characteristics, a conceptual cluster is proposed, which is include to test the influence of criminal justice reform in confidence in justice and police. After that, a conceptual framework about justice legitimate and procedural justice is presented, which allows to establish the major hypothesis of this study: criminal justice reform leads to higher rates of confidence in justice and police. Using data from Latinobarometer survey (1995-2013), in 18 countries from Latin America, results show that low and medium reach of the reforms are associated with higher rates of confidence, controlling the effect of some possible confounders. Finally, the article discusses the results and emphasizes the relevance of the moderation in the introduction of reforms in justice issues.",
keywords = "Judicial reform, Justice administration, Latin America, Legitimacy, Penal law police, Procedural law",
author = "Oyanedel, {Juan Carlos}",
year = "2016",
language = "Spanish",
volume = "2016",
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journal = "Reforma y Democracia",
issn = "1315-2378",
publisher = "Centro Latinoamericano de Administracion para el Desarrollo (CLAD)",
number = "64",

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T1 - Confianza en la justicia y la policía en América Latina

T2 - Análisis de los efectos de las reformas procesales penales (1995-2013)

AU - Oyanedel, Juan Carlos

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The study analyzes the effect of criminal justice reform in confidence in justice and police in Latin America, since 1995 to 2013. This research question is relevant given the legitimate problems inherited by military governments in the region. In order to answer this question, first, a brief framework about legal system in Latin America is presented. Then, criminal justice reforms are exposed, emphasizing in similarities and difference among the countries in this region. According to these characteristics, a conceptual cluster is proposed, which is include to test the influence of criminal justice reform in confidence in justice and police. After that, a conceptual framework about justice legitimate and procedural justice is presented, which allows to establish the major hypothesis of this study: criminal justice reform leads to higher rates of confidence in justice and police. Using data from Latinobarometer survey (1995-2013), in 18 countries from Latin America, results show that low and medium reach of the reforms are associated with higher rates of confidence, controlling the effect of some possible confounders. Finally, the article discusses the results and emphasizes the relevance of the moderation in the introduction of reforms in justice issues.

AB - The study analyzes the effect of criminal justice reform in confidence in justice and police in Latin America, since 1995 to 2013. This research question is relevant given the legitimate problems inherited by military governments in the region. In order to answer this question, first, a brief framework about legal system in Latin America is presented. Then, criminal justice reforms are exposed, emphasizing in similarities and difference among the countries in this region. According to these characteristics, a conceptual cluster is proposed, which is include to test the influence of criminal justice reform in confidence in justice and police. After that, a conceptual framework about justice legitimate and procedural justice is presented, which allows to establish the major hypothesis of this study: criminal justice reform leads to higher rates of confidence in justice and police. Using data from Latinobarometer survey (1995-2013), in 18 countries from Latin America, results show that low and medium reach of the reforms are associated with higher rates of confidence, controlling the effect of some possible confounders. Finally, the article discusses the results and emphasizes the relevance of the moderation in the introduction of reforms in justice issues.

KW - Judicial reform

KW - Justice administration

KW - Latin America

KW - Legitimacy

KW - Penal law police

KW - Procedural law

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VL - 2016

SP - 141

EP - 164

JO - Reforma y Democracia

JF - Reforma y Democracia

SN - 1315-2378

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