Conditions and timing of pumpellyite-actinolite-facies metamorphism in the early mesozoic frontal accretionary prism of the madre de dios archipelago (Latitude 50°20′S; Southern Chile)

Arne P. Willner, Fernando A. Sepúlveda, Francisco Hervé, Hans Joachim Massonne, Masafumi Sudo

Resultado de la investigación: Article

33 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The Madre de Dios Metamorphic Complex (MDMC) in southern Chile is a fossil frontal accretionary prism, which is mainly composed of metapsammopelitic rocks, intercalations of oceanic rocks (greenstone and metachert) and platform carbonate. We concentrated on the metabasite to decipher the metamorphic evolution. This rock type contains assemblages of the pumpellyite-actinolite facies: pumpellyite ± actinolite-chlorite ± grandite ± phengite ± epidote-albite-quartz-titanite ± K-feldspar ± calcite. The metamorphic phases mainly grew by prograde hydration reactions during various episodes of restricted fluid influx. Fundamental phase relations of the pumpellyite-actinolite facies and adjacent facies were reproduced by pseudosections calculated for the system K2O-Na2 O-CaO-FeO-O2-MgO-Al2O3-TiO2 -SiO2-H2O-CO2 at 200-400°C and 1-9 kbar. The calculated stability fields of the metamorphic assemblages as realized in the MDMC metabasite indicate highest metamorphic conditions restricted to 290-310°C, 4-6 kbar for the MDMC, presumably as a result of the main fluid influx at these conditions. Nevertheless, earlier local equilibria are still preserved as a result of strongly kinetically controlled mineral reactions and a lack of recrystallization and compositional homogenization at thin-section scale. Hence, thermodynamic calculations of local multivariant mineral equilibria using the entire compositional variation of minerals in the MDMC show that the prograde PT path evolved from 4 ± 1 kbar, 200-220°C to 5 ± 1 kbar, 290-330°C. The prograde PT path reflects nearly horizontal particle paths after reaching the maximum depth typical for frontal accretionary prisms. Long residence at maximum depth resulted in thermal re-equilibration. 40Ar/39Ar spot ages were measured by in situ UV laser ablation of local phengite concentrations in a deformed metapelite at 233·2 ± 1·8 Ma and in an undeformed metabasite at 200·8 ± 2·4 Ma. Whereas the first age represents an age of accretion, the latter age can be attributed to mineral growth either during a younger stage of accretion or during a retrograde stage. 40 Ar/39Ar isotopic analyses of two further metabasite samples reflect a prominent resetting of ages at 152·0 ± 2·2 Ma and white mica growth during external fluid access triggered by either a local intrusion or a late Jurassic extensional episode.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)2127-2155
Número de páginas29
PublicaciónJournal of Petrology
Volumen50
N.º11
DOI
EstadoPublished - 27 nov 2009

Huella dactilar

archipelagoes
pumpellyite
Chile
accretionary prism
Prisms
metabasite
prisms
archipelago
Minerals
metamorphism
time measurement
minerals
Rocks
rocks
phengite
Fluids
fluids
mineral
fluid
Quartz

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Citar esto

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title = "Conditions and timing of pumpellyite-actinolite-facies metamorphism in the early mesozoic frontal accretionary prism of the madre de dios archipelago (Latitude 50°20′S; Southern Chile)",
abstract = "The Madre de Dios Metamorphic Complex (MDMC) in southern Chile is a fossil frontal accretionary prism, which is mainly composed of metapsammopelitic rocks, intercalations of oceanic rocks (greenstone and metachert) and platform carbonate. We concentrated on the metabasite to decipher the metamorphic evolution. This rock type contains assemblages of the pumpellyite-actinolite facies: pumpellyite ± actinolite-chlorite ± grandite ± phengite ± epidote-albite-quartz-titanite ± K-feldspar ± calcite. The metamorphic phases mainly grew by prograde hydration reactions during various episodes of restricted fluid influx. Fundamental phase relations of the pumpellyite-actinolite facies and adjacent facies were reproduced by pseudosections calculated for the system K2O-Na2 O-CaO-FeO-O2-MgO-Al2O3-TiO2 -SiO2-H2O-CO2 at 200-400°C and 1-9 kbar. The calculated stability fields of the metamorphic assemblages as realized in the MDMC metabasite indicate highest metamorphic conditions restricted to 290-310°C, 4-6 kbar for the MDMC, presumably as a result of the main fluid influx at these conditions. Nevertheless, earlier local equilibria are still preserved as a result of strongly kinetically controlled mineral reactions and a lack of recrystallization and compositional homogenization at thin-section scale. Hence, thermodynamic calculations of local multivariant mineral equilibria using the entire compositional variation of minerals in the MDMC show that the prograde PT path evolved from 4 ± 1 kbar, 200-220°C to 5 ± 1 kbar, 290-330°C. The prograde PT path reflects nearly horizontal particle paths after reaching the maximum depth typical for frontal accretionary prisms. Long residence at maximum depth resulted in thermal re-equilibration. 40Ar/39Ar spot ages were measured by in situ UV laser ablation of local phengite concentrations in a deformed metapelite at 233·2 ± 1·8 Ma and in an undeformed metabasite at 200·8 ± 2·4 Ma. Whereas the first age represents an age of accretion, the latter age can be attributed to mineral growth either during a younger stage of accretion or during a retrograde stage. 40 Ar/39Ar isotopic analyses of two further metabasite samples reflect a prominent resetting of ages at 152·0 ± 2·2 Ma and white mica growth during external fluid access triggered by either a local intrusion or a late Jurassic extensional episode.",
keywords = "40Ar/39Ar UV laser ablation, Frontal accretionary prism, Kinetically controlled mineral growth, Prograde PT path, PT pseudosection, Pumpellyite-actinolite facies",
author = "Willner, {Arne P.} and Sep{\'u}lveda, {Fernando A.} and Francisco Herv{\'e} and Massonne, {Hans Joachim} and Masafumi Sudo",
year = "2009",
month = "11",
day = "27",
doi = "10.1093/petrology/egp071",
language = "English",
volume = "50",
pages = "2127--2155",
journal = "Journal of Petrology",
issn = "0022-3530",
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Conditions and timing of pumpellyite-actinolite-facies metamorphism in the early mesozoic frontal accretionary prism of the madre de dios archipelago (Latitude 50°20′S; Southern Chile). / Willner, Arne P.; Sepúlveda, Fernando A.; Hervé, Francisco; Massonne, Hans Joachim; Sudo, Masafumi.

En: Journal of Petrology, Vol. 50, N.º 11, 27.11.2009, p. 2127-2155.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conditions and timing of pumpellyite-actinolite-facies metamorphism in the early mesozoic frontal accretionary prism of the madre de dios archipelago (Latitude 50°20′S; Southern Chile)

AU - Willner, Arne P.

AU - Sepúlveda, Fernando A.

AU - Hervé, Francisco

AU - Massonne, Hans Joachim

AU - Sudo, Masafumi

PY - 2009/11/27

Y1 - 2009/11/27

N2 - The Madre de Dios Metamorphic Complex (MDMC) in southern Chile is a fossil frontal accretionary prism, which is mainly composed of metapsammopelitic rocks, intercalations of oceanic rocks (greenstone and metachert) and platform carbonate. We concentrated on the metabasite to decipher the metamorphic evolution. This rock type contains assemblages of the pumpellyite-actinolite facies: pumpellyite ± actinolite-chlorite ± grandite ± phengite ± epidote-albite-quartz-titanite ± K-feldspar ± calcite. The metamorphic phases mainly grew by prograde hydration reactions during various episodes of restricted fluid influx. Fundamental phase relations of the pumpellyite-actinolite facies and adjacent facies were reproduced by pseudosections calculated for the system K2O-Na2 O-CaO-FeO-O2-MgO-Al2O3-TiO2 -SiO2-H2O-CO2 at 200-400°C and 1-9 kbar. The calculated stability fields of the metamorphic assemblages as realized in the MDMC metabasite indicate highest metamorphic conditions restricted to 290-310°C, 4-6 kbar for the MDMC, presumably as a result of the main fluid influx at these conditions. Nevertheless, earlier local equilibria are still preserved as a result of strongly kinetically controlled mineral reactions and a lack of recrystallization and compositional homogenization at thin-section scale. Hence, thermodynamic calculations of local multivariant mineral equilibria using the entire compositional variation of minerals in the MDMC show that the prograde PT path evolved from 4 ± 1 kbar, 200-220°C to 5 ± 1 kbar, 290-330°C. The prograde PT path reflects nearly horizontal particle paths after reaching the maximum depth typical for frontal accretionary prisms. Long residence at maximum depth resulted in thermal re-equilibration. 40Ar/39Ar spot ages were measured by in situ UV laser ablation of local phengite concentrations in a deformed metapelite at 233·2 ± 1·8 Ma and in an undeformed metabasite at 200·8 ± 2·4 Ma. Whereas the first age represents an age of accretion, the latter age can be attributed to mineral growth either during a younger stage of accretion or during a retrograde stage. 40 Ar/39Ar isotopic analyses of two further metabasite samples reflect a prominent resetting of ages at 152·0 ± 2·2 Ma and white mica growth during external fluid access triggered by either a local intrusion or a late Jurassic extensional episode.

AB - The Madre de Dios Metamorphic Complex (MDMC) in southern Chile is a fossil frontal accretionary prism, which is mainly composed of metapsammopelitic rocks, intercalations of oceanic rocks (greenstone and metachert) and platform carbonate. We concentrated on the metabasite to decipher the metamorphic evolution. This rock type contains assemblages of the pumpellyite-actinolite facies: pumpellyite ± actinolite-chlorite ± grandite ± phengite ± epidote-albite-quartz-titanite ± K-feldspar ± calcite. The metamorphic phases mainly grew by prograde hydration reactions during various episodes of restricted fluid influx. Fundamental phase relations of the pumpellyite-actinolite facies and adjacent facies were reproduced by pseudosections calculated for the system K2O-Na2 O-CaO-FeO-O2-MgO-Al2O3-TiO2 -SiO2-H2O-CO2 at 200-400°C and 1-9 kbar. The calculated stability fields of the metamorphic assemblages as realized in the MDMC metabasite indicate highest metamorphic conditions restricted to 290-310°C, 4-6 kbar for the MDMC, presumably as a result of the main fluid influx at these conditions. Nevertheless, earlier local equilibria are still preserved as a result of strongly kinetically controlled mineral reactions and a lack of recrystallization and compositional homogenization at thin-section scale. Hence, thermodynamic calculations of local multivariant mineral equilibria using the entire compositional variation of minerals in the MDMC show that the prograde PT path evolved from 4 ± 1 kbar, 200-220°C to 5 ± 1 kbar, 290-330°C. The prograde PT path reflects nearly horizontal particle paths after reaching the maximum depth typical for frontal accretionary prisms. Long residence at maximum depth resulted in thermal re-equilibration. 40Ar/39Ar spot ages were measured by in situ UV laser ablation of local phengite concentrations in a deformed metapelite at 233·2 ± 1·8 Ma and in an undeformed metabasite at 200·8 ± 2·4 Ma. Whereas the first age represents an age of accretion, the latter age can be attributed to mineral growth either during a younger stage of accretion or during a retrograde stage. 40 Ar/39Ar isotopic analyses of two further metabasite samples reflect a prominent resetting of ages at 152·0 ± 2·2 Ma and white mica growth during external fluid access triggered by either a local intrusion or a late Jurassic extensional episode.

KW - 40Ar/39Ar UV laser ablation

KW - Frontal accretionary prism

KW - Kinetically controlled mineral growth

KW - Prograde PT path

KW - PT pseudosection

KW - Pumpellyite-actinolite facies

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U2 - 10.1093/petrology/egp071

DO - 10.1093/petrology/egp071

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JO - Journal of Petrology

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