Condición física y actividad física en mujeres con obesidad: Efectos a corto plazo de una gastrectomía vertical

Paulina Ibacache Saavedra, Marcelo Cano-Cappellacci, Claudia Miranda Fuentes, Juan Rojas Montero, Pablo Maldonado Pinuer, Andrés Bottinelli Mercadino

Resultado de la investigación: Article

Resumen

Introduction: the increase on prevalence of obesity has been linked to a higher number of bariatric surgeries, being sleeve gastrectomy (SG) the most frequent bariatric procedures in the world. However, there are few studies that determine the impact of SG on health’s determinants such as physical fitness (PF) and physical activity (PA). Objectives: to describe the changes in PF and PA of patients after SG. Methods: twenty-three women with obesity (mean 36.1 ± 11.1 years old and body mass index [BMI] of 35.1 ± 3.4 kg/m 2) were evaluated preop-eratively to SG and at one and three months after surgery. An assessment of PF was conducted, including handgrip (HGS) and quadriceps muscle strength (QMS) with dynamometers and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with an ergospirometer. PA was assessed with a three-axis accelerometer. Results: the absolute VO 2 peak decreased after the first and third month (p < 0.001) post SG. The VO 2 peak relative to body weight showed an increase from baseline after the SG (p = 0.002). After SG, there was a reduction in absolute values for HGS and QMS (p < 0.001) and an increase in relative HGS after three months post-surgery compared to preoperative (p = 0.011), without changes in relative QMS (p = 0.596). No changes in PA were observed. Conclusions: after SG, there is a short term decline on PF when it is expressed on absolute values. However, when it is expressed in relative terms to body weight, some components of PF improve, while others showed no change. There was no modification in PA levels of the participants.

Idioma originalSpanish
Páginas (desde-hasta)840-845
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónNutricion Hospitalaria
Volumen36
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 jul 2019

Huella dactilar

Physical Fitness
Gastrectomy
Obesity
Exercise
Quadriceps Muscle
Muscle Strength
Muscle Strength Dynamometer
Body Weight
Bariatrics
Bariatric Surgery
Body Mass Index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Citar esto

Ibacache Saavedra, P., Cano-Cappellacci, M., Miranda Fuentes, C., Rojas Montero, J., Maldonado Pinuer, P., & Bottinelli Mercadino, A. (2019). Condición física y actividad física en mujeres con obesidad: Efectos a corto plazo de una gastrectomía vertical. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 36(4), 840-845. https://doi.org/10.20960/nh.02515
Ibacache Saavedra, Paulina ; Cano-Cappellacci, Marcelo ; Miranda Fuentes, Claudia ; Rojas Montero, Juan ; Maldonado Pinuer, Pablo ; Bottinelli Mercadino, Andrés. / Condición física y actividad física en mujeres con obesidad : Efectos a corto plazo de una gastrectomía vertical. En: Nutricion Hospitalaria. 2019 ; Vol. 36, N.º 4. pp. 840-845.
@article{e3c54ffd10ed484f96bdb94e26bd135f,
title = "Condici{\'o}n f{\'i}sica y actividad f{\'i}sica en mujeres con obesidad: Efectos a corto plazo de una gastrectom{\'i}a vertical",
abstract = "Introduction: the increase on prevalence of obesity has been linked to a higher number of bariatric surgeries, being sleeve gastrectomy (SG) the most frequent bariatric procedures in the world. However, there are few studies that determine the impact of SG on health’s determinants such as physical fitness (PF) and physical activity (PA). Objectives: to describe the changes in PF and PA of patients after SG. Methods: twenty-three women with obesity (mean 36.1 ± 11.1 years old and body mass index [BMI] of 35.1 ± 3.4 kg/m 2) were evaluated preop-eratively to SG and at one and three months after surgery. An assessment of PF was conducted, including handgrip (HGS) and quadriceps muscle strength (QMS) with dynamometers and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with an ergospirometer. PA was assessed with a three-axis accelerometer. Results: the absolute VO 2 peak decreased after the first and third month (p < 0.001) post SG. The VO 2 peak relative to body weight showed an increase from baseline after the SG (p = 0.002). After SG, there was a reduction in absolute values for HGS and QMS (p < 0.001) and an increase in relative HGS after three months post-surgery compared to preoperative (p = 0.011), without changes in relative QMS (p = 0.596). No changes in PA were observed. Conclusions: after SG, there is a short term decline on PF when it is expressed on absolute values. However, when it is expressed in relative terms to body weight, some components of PF improve, while others showed no change. There was no modification in PA levels of the participants.",
keywords = "Obesidad. Cirug{\'i}a bari{\'a}trica. Capacidad cardiorrespiratoria. Fuerza muscular. Actividad f{\'i}sica., Obesity, Muscle strength, Physical activity, Bariatric surgery, Cardiorespiratory fitness",
author = "{Ibacache Saavedra}, Paulina and Marcelo Cano-Cappellacci and {Miranda Fuentes}, Claudia and {Rojas Montero}, Juan and {Maldonado Pinuer}, Pablo and {Bottinelli Mercadino}, Andr{\'e}s",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.20960/nh.02515",
language = "Spanish",
volume = "36",
pages = "840--845",
journal = "Nutricion Hospitalaria",
issn = "0212-1611",
publisher = "Grupo Aula Medica S.A.",
number = "4",

}

Ibacache Saavedra, P, Cano-Cappellacci, M, Miranda Fuentes, C, Rojas Montero, J, Maldonado Pinuer, P & Bottinelli Mercadino, A 2019, 'Condición física y actividad física en mujeres con obesidad: Efectos a corto plazo de una gastrectomía vertical', Nutricion Hospitalaria, vol. 36, n.º 4, pp. 840-845. https://doi.org/10.20960/nh.02515

Condición física y actividad física en mujeres con obesidad : Efectos a corto plazo de una gastrectomía vertical. / Ibacache Saavedra, Paulina; Cano-Cappellacci, Marcelo; Miranda Fuentes, Claudia; Rojas Montero, Juan; Maldonado Pinuer, Pablo; Bottinelli Mercadino, Andrés.

En: Nutricion Hospitalaria, Vol. 36, N.º 4, 01.07.2019, p. 840-845.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Condición física y actividad física en mujeres con obesidad

T2 - Efectos a corto plazo de una gastrectomía vertical

AU - Ibacache Saavedra, Paulina

AU - Cano-Cappellacci, Marcelo

AU - Miranda Fuentes, Claudia

AU - Rojas Montero, Juan

AU - Maldonado Pinuer, Pablo

AU - Bottinelli Mercadino, Andrés

PY - 2019/7/1

Y1 - 2019/7/1

N2 - Introduction: the increase on prevalence of obesity has been linked to a higher number of bariatric surgeries, being sleeve gastrectomy (SG) the most frequent bariatric procedures in the world. However, there are few studies that determine the impact of SG on health’s determinants such as physical fitness (PF) and physical activity (PA). Objectives: to describe the changes in PF and PA of patients after SG. Methods: twenty-three women with obesity (mean 36.1 ± 11.1 years old and body mass index [BMI] of 35.1 ± 3.4 kg/m 2) were evaluated preop-eratively to SG and at one and three months after surgery. An assessment of PF was conducted, including handgrip (HGS) and quadriceps muscle strength (QMS) with dynamometers and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with an ergospirometer. PA was assessed with a three-axis accelerometer. Results: the absolute VO 2 peak decreased after the first and third month (p < 0.001) post SG. The VO 2 peak relative to body weight showed an increase from baseline after the SG (p = 0.002). After SG, there was a reduction in absolute values for HGS and QMS (p < 0.001) and an increase in relative HGS after three months post-surgery compared to preoperative (p = 0.011), without changes in relative QMS (p = 0.596). No changes in PA were observed. Conclusions: after SG, there is a short term decline on PF when it is expressed on absolute values. However, when it is expressed in relative terms to body weight, some components of PF improve, while others showed no change. There was no modification in PA levels of the participants.

AB - Introduction: the increase on prevalence of obesity has been linked to a higher number of bariatric surgeries, being sleeve gastrectomy (SG) the most frequent bariatric procedures in the world. However, there are few studies that determine the impact of SG on health’s determinants such as physical fitness (PF) and physical activity (PA). Objectives: to describe the changes in PF and PA of patients after SG. Methods: twenty-three women with obesity (mean 36.1 ± 11.1 years old and body mass index [BMI] of 35.1 ± 3.4 kg/m 2) were evaluated preop-eratively to SG and at one and three months after surgery. An assessment of PF was conducted, including handgrip (HGS) and quadriceps muscle strength (QMS) with dynamometers and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with an ergospirometer. PA was assessed with a three-axis accelerometer. Results: the absolute VO 2 peak decreased after the first and third month (p < 0.001) post SG. The VO 2 peak relative to body weight showed an increase from baseline after the SG (p = 0.002). After SG, there was a reduction in absolute values for HGS and QMS (p < 0.001) and an increase in relative HGS after three months post-surgery compared to preoperative (p = 0.011), without changes in relative QMS (p = 0.596). No changes in PA were observed. Conclusions: after SG, there is a short term decline on PF when it is expressed on absolute values. However, when it is expressed in relative terms to body weight, some components of PF improve, while others showed no change. There was no modification in PA levels of the participants.

KW - Obesidad. Cirugía bariátrica. Capacidad cardiorrespiratoria. Fuerza muscular. Actividad física.

KW - Obesity

KW - Muscle strength

KW - Physical activity

KW - Bariatric surgery

KW - Cardiorespiratory fitness

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85071712354&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.20960/nh.02515

DO - 10.20960/nh.02515

M3 - Article

C2 - 31282170

AN - SCOPUS:85071712354

VL - 36

SP - 840

EP - 845

JO - Nutricion Hospitalaria

JF - Nutricion Hospitalaria

SN - 0212-1611

IS - 4

ER -

Ibacache Saavedra P, Cano-Cappellacci M, Miranda Fuentes C, Rojas Montero J, Maldonado Pinuer P, Bottinelli Mercadino A. Condición física y actividad física en mujeres con obesidad: Efectos a corto plazo de una gastrectomía vertical. Nutricion Hospitalaria. 2019 jul 1;36(4):840-845. https://doi.org/10.20960/nh.02515