In the last two decades, studies about using technology for automatic detection of human falls increased considerably. The automatic detection of falls allows for quicker aid that is key to increasing the chances of treatment and mitigating the consequences of falls. However, each type of fall has its specificities and determining the correct type of fall can help treat the person who has fallen. Although it is essential to use computational methods to classify falls, there are few studies about that in the literature, especially compared to the studies that propose solutions for fall detection. In this sense, we execute a systematic literature review (SLR) using the (Kitchenham et al., 2009) method to investigate the computational solutions used to classify the different types of falls. We performed a search on Scopus, Web of Science, and PubMed scientific databases looking for computational methods to fall classification in their papers. We use the grounded theory methodology for a more detailed qualitative analysis of the papers. As a result of our search, we selected a total of 36 studies for our review and found two different computational methods for classifying falls. Related to the steps used in each method, we found fourteen different types of sensors, four different techniques for background and foreground extraction of videos, twenty-one techniques for feature extraction, and seven different fall classification strategies. Finally, we also identified fifty-one different types of falls. In conclusion, we believe that the methods and techniques analyzed in our study can help developers to create new and better systems for classification, detection, and prevention of falls and falls database. Besides, we identified gaps that can be explored in future research related to the automatic classification of falls.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Informática (todo)
- Ciencia de los materiales (todo)
- Ingeniería (todo)