Cobalt and copper abundances in 56 Galactic bulge red giants

H. Ernandes, B. Barbuy, A. C.S. Friaca, V. Hill, M. Zoccali, D. Minniti, A. Renzini, S. Ortolani

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


Context. The Milky Way bulge is an important tracer of the early formation and chemical enrichment of the Galaxy. The abundances of different iron-peak elements in field bulge stars can give information on the nucleosynthesis processes that took place in the earliest supernovae. Cobalt (Z = 27) and copper (Z = 29) are particularly interesting. Aims. We aim to identify the nucleosynthesis processes responsible for the formation of the iron-peak elements Co and Cu. Methods. We derived abundances of the iron-peak elements cobalt and copper in 56 bulge giants, 13 of which were red clump stars. High-resolution spectra were obtained using FLAMES-UVES at the ESO Very Large Telescope by our group in 2000–2002, which appears to be the highest quality sample of optical high-resolution data on bulge red giants obtained in the literature to date. Over the years we have derived the abundances of C, N, O, Na, Al, Mg; the iron-group elements Mn and Zn; and neutron-capture elements. In the present work we derive abundances of the iron-peak elements cobalt and copper. We also compute chemodynamical evolution models to interpret the observed behaviour of these elements as a function of iron. Results. The sample stars show mean values of [Co/Fe] 0.0 at all metallicities, and [Cu/Fe] 0.0 for [Fe/H]0.8 and decreasing towards lower metallicities with a behaviour of a secondary element. Conclusions. We conclude that [Co/Fe] varies in lockstep with [Fe/H], which indicates that it should be produced in the alpha-rich freezeout mechanism in massive stars. Instead [Cu/Fe] follows the behaviour of a secondary element towards lower metallicities, indicating its production in the weak s-process nucleosynthesis in He-burning and later stages. The chemodynamical models presented here confirm the behaviour of these two elements (i.e. [Co/Fe] vs. [Fe/H]constant and [Cu/Fe] decreasing with decreasing metallicities).

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo20203786
PublicaciónAstronomy and Astrophysics
EstadoPublicada - 1 ago 2020

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Astronomía y astrofísica
  • Ciencias planetarias y espacial


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