Characterization and expression analysis of toll-like receptor 3 cDNA from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)

R. Vidal, R. González, F. Gil

Resultado de la investigación: Article

5 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Innate pathway activation is fundamental for early anti-viral defense in fish, but currently there is insufficient understanding of how salmonid fish identify viral molecules and activate these pathways. The Toll-like receptor (TLR) is believed to play a crucial role in host defense of pathogenic microbes in the innate immune system. In the present study, the full-length cDNA of Salmo salar TLR3 (ssTLR3) was cloned. The ssTLR3 cDNA sequence was 6071 bp long, containing an open reading frame of 2754 bp and encoding 971 amino acids. The TLR group motifs, such as leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domains and Toll-interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domains, were maintained in ssTLR3, with sixteen LRR domains and one TIR domain. In contrast to descriptions of the TLR3 in rainbow trout and the murine (TATA-less), we found a putative TATA box in the proximal promoter region 29 bp upstream of the transcription start point of ssTLR3. Multiple-sequence alignment analysis of the ssTLR3 protein-coding sequence with other known TLR3 sequences showed the sequence to be conserved among all species analyzed, implying that the function of the TLR3 had been sustained throughout evolution. The ssTLR3 mRNA expression patterns were measured using real-time PCR. The results revealed that TLR3 is widely expressed in various healthy tissues. Individuals challenged with infectious pancreatic necrosis virus and immunostimulated with polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid exhibited increased expression of TLR3 at the mRNA level, indicating that ssTLR3 may be involved in pathogen recognition in the early innate immune system.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)6073-6083
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónGenetics and Molecular Research
Volumen14
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublished - 8 jun 2015

Huella dactilar

Toll-Like Receptor 3
Salmo salar
Complementary DNA
Interleukin-1 Receptors
Toll-Like Receptors
Leucine
Immune System
Fishes
Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus
Poly I-C
Messenger RNA
TATA Box
Sequence Alignment
Oncorhynchus mykiss
Genetic Promoter Regions
Open Reading Frames
Sequence Analysis
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Amino Acids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Medicine(all)

Citar esto

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abstract = "Innate pathway activation is fundamental for early anti-viral defense in fish, but currently there is insufficient understanding of how salmonid fish identify viral molecules and activate these pathways. The Toll-like receptor (TLR) is believed to play a crucial role in host defense of pathogenic microbes in the innate immune system. In the present study, the full-length cDNA of Salmo salar TLR3 (ssTLR3) was cloned. The ssTLR3 cDNA sequence was 6071 bp long, containing an open reading frame of 2754 bp and encoding 971 amino acids. The TLR group motifs, such as leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domains and Toll-interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domains, were maintained in ssTLR3, with sixteen LRR domains and one TIR domain. In contrast to descriptions of the TLR3 in rainbow trout and the murine (TATA-less), we found a putative TATA box in the proximal promoter region 29 bp upstream of the transcription start point of ssTLR3. Multiple-sequence alignment analysis of the ssTLR3 protein-coding sequence with other known TLR3 sequences showed the sequence to be conserved among all species analyzed, implying that the function of the TLR3 had been sustained throughout evolution. The ssTLR3 mRNA expression patterns were measured using real-time PCR. The results revealed that TLR3 is widely expressed in various healthy tissues. Individuals challenged with infectious pancreatic necrosis virus and immunostimulated with polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid exhibited increased expression of TLR3 at the mRNA level, indicating that ssTLR3 may be involved in pathogen recognition in the early innate immune system.",
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Characterization and expression analysis of toll-like receptor 3 cDNA from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). / Vidal, R.; González, R.; Gil, F.

En: Genetics and Molecular Research, Vol. 14, N.º 2, 08.06.2015, p. 6073-6083.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characterization and expression analysis of toll-like receptor 3 cDNA from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)

AU - Vidal, R.

AU - González, R.

AU - Gil, F.

PY - 2015/6/8

Y1 - 2015/6/8

N2 - Innate pathway activation is fundamental for early anti-viral defense in fish, but currently there is insufficient understanding of how salmonid fish identify viral molecules and activate these pathways. The Toll-like receptor (TLR) is believed to play a crucial role in host defense of pathogenic microbes in the innate immune system. In the present study, the full-length cDNA of Salmo salar TLR3 (ssTLR3) was cloned. The ssTLR3 cDNA sequence was 6071 bp long, containing an open reading frame of 2754 bp and encoding 971 amino acids. The TLR group motifs, such as leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domains and Toll-interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domains, were maintained in ssTLR3, with sixteen LRR domains and one TIR domain. In contrast to descriptions of the TLR3 in rainbow trout and the murine (TATA-less), we found a putative TATA box in the proximal promoter region 29 bp upstream of the transcription start point of ssTLR3. Multiple-sequence alignment analysis of the ssTLR3 protein-coding sequence with other known TLR3 sequences showed the sequence to be conserved among all species analyzed, implying that the function of the TLR3 had been sustained throughout evolution. The ssTLR3 mRNA expression patterns were measured using real-time PCR. The results revealed that TLR3 is widely expressed in various healthy tissues. Individuals challenged with infectious pancreatic necrosis virus and immunostimulated with polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid exhibited increased expression of TLR3 at the mRNA level, indicating that ssTLR3 may be involved in pathogen recognition in the early innate immune system.

AB - Innate pathway activation is fundamental for early anti-viral defense in fish, but currently there is insufficient understanding of how salmonid fish identify viral molecules and activate these pathways. The Toll-like receptor (TLR) is believed to play a crucial role in host defense of pathogenic microbes in the innate immune system. In the present study, the full-length cDNA of Salmo salar TLR3 (ssTLR3) was cloned. The ssTLR3 cDNA sequence was 6071 bp long, containing an open reading frame of 2754 bp and encoding 971 amino acids. The TLR group motifs, such as leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domains and Toll-interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domains, were maintained in ssTLR3, with sixteen LRR domains and one TIR domain. In contrast to descriptions of the TLR3 in rainbow trout and the murine (TATA-less), we found a putative TATA box in the proximal promoter region 29 bp upstream of the transcription start point of ssTLR3. Multiple-sequence alignment analysis of the ssTLR3 protein-coding sequence with other known TLR3 sequences showed the sequence to be conserved among all species analyzed, implying that the function of the TLR3 had been sustained throughout evolution. The ssTLR3 mRNA expression patterns were measured using real-time PCR. The results revealed that TLR3 is widely expressed in various healthy tissues. Individuals challenged with infectious pancreatic necrosis virus and immunostimulated with polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid exhibited increased expression of TLR3 at the mRNA level, indicating that ssTLR3 may be involved in pathogen recognition in the early innate immune system.

KW - Atlantic salmon

KW - Infections pancreatic necrosis virus

KW - Innate immunity

KW - TLR3

KW - Toll-like receptor

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U2 - 10.4238/2015.June.8.5

DO - 10.4238/2015.June.8.5

M3 - Article

C2 - 26125808

AN - SCOPUS:84931281671

VL - 14

SP - 6073

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JO - Genetics and Molecular Research

JF - Genetics and Molecular Research

SN - 1676-5680

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