Changes in the decline on empathy levels of dental students in Costa Rica

Mariela Padilla, Robert Utsman, Victor Díaz-Narváez

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

10 Citas (Scopus)


Objectives: Based on recent curriculum changes at the University of Science and Technology in Costa Rica (ULACIT) it is of great academic interest to verify the impact of this new approach on courses with respect to the development of empathy, thus compare previous results with a new collection of information. Methods: The levels of empathy and matrices of empathy construct are estimated by dental students by using the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, the Spanish version for students (S version) previously culturally validated. Cronbach a was estimated and compared with data previously published. A two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), model III, in order to find differences in the average between academic years and gender, and the interaction between these two factors was applied. Results: There continues to remain a gender difference in the attribute of empathy in dental students of ULACIT, greater in females than males, however with a smaller difference than before. Students continue to show higher levels of empathy at the start of the academic career, however with a decline among fourth year students. Conclusions: New curriculum changes that involve greater integration of students with their patients, consistent with the greater inclusion of clinical activities and community visits continue to show the development of empathy. Differences among genders, variation in years, and how empathy levels change in the professional field should be further explored.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)46-51
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónRevista Portuguesa de Estomatologia, Medicina Dentaria e Cirurgia Maxilofacial
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2017

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Cirugía
  • Odontología (todo)

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