Cardiopulmonary nematode infections in wild canids: Does the key lie on host-prey-parasite evolution?

Francisco José Martínez-Rondán, María Rocío Ruiz de Ybáñez, Ana María López-Beceiro, Luis Eusebio Fidalgo, Eduardo Berriatua, Liron Lahat, Irene Sacristán, Álvaro Oleaga, Carlos Martínez-Carrasco

Resultado de la investigación: Article

Resumen

Cardiopulmonary nematodes are among the most pathogenic parasites of domestic and wild canids. The aim of this study was to describe the species diversity, prevalence and infection intensity of these parasites in the Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus) and the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula. 257 foxes and 74 wolves were necropsied between 2008 and 2014. Four nematode species were identified: Angiostrongylus vasorum, Eucoleus aerophilus, Crenosoma vulpis and Filaroides hirthi. This last species was only found in wolves, being the first time that is cited worldwide in this wild canid. The overall parasite prevalence was significantly higher in foxes (70%) than in wolves (28%). Specifically, prevalences in foxes and wolves were, respectively, 43% and 22% for A. vasorum, 33% and 5% for E. aerophilus, and 30% and 9% for C. vulpis. The prevalence of F. hirthi was 16%. The A. vasorum intensity was significantly higher in foxes than in wolves. Differences between host species in the risk of infection would be associated to diverging feeding behavior, and possibly reflects a parasite-host adaptation related to host's hunting strategies and cardiorespiratory requirements. This study revealed an association between infection and environmental factors, and highlighted a wide variation in the spatial distribution of A. vasorum. Our results indicate that cardiopulmonary parasites are widespread in wild canids in northwest Spain, and further agrees with other studies indicating the expansion of A. vasorum in Europe and, therefore, the urgent need to investigate infection in dogs in sympatric areas.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)51-58
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónResearch in Veterinary Science
Volumen126
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 oct 2019

Huella dactilar

Nematode Infections
Angiostrongylus vasorum
Canidae
nematode infections
wolves
Parasites
foxes
parasites
Vulpes vulpes
infection
Filaroides
Nematoda
Angiostrongylus
Infection
Canis lupus
Parasitic Diseases
Iberian Peninsula
Feeding Behavior
feeding behavior
Spain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Citar esto

Martínez-Rondán, F. J., Ruiz de Ybáñez, M. R., López-Beceiro, A. M., Fidalgo, L. E., Berriatua, E., Lahat, L., ... Martínez-Carrasco, C. (2019). Cardiopulmonary nematode infections in wild canids: Does the key lie on host-prey-parasite evolution? Research in Veterinary Science, 126, 51-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2019.08.008
Martínez-Rondán, Francisco José ; Ruiz de Ybáñez, María Rocío ; López-Beceiro, Ana María ; Fidalgo, Luis Eusebio ; Berriatua, Eduardo ; Lahat, Liron ; Sacristán, Irene ; Oleaga, Álvaro ; Martínez-Carrasco, Carlos. / Cardiopulmonary nematode infections in wild canids : Does the key lie on host-prey-parasite evolution?. En: Research in Veterinary Science. 2019 ; Vol. 126. pp. 51-58.
@article{26588e3c2247494692f90014f8f2e25b,
title = "Cardiopulmonary nematode infections in wild canids: Does the key lie on host-prey-parasite evolution?",
abstract = "Cardiopulmonary nematodes are among the most pathogenic parasites of domestic and wild canids. The aim of this study was to describe the species diversity, prevalence and infection intensity of these parasites in the Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus) and the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula. 257 foxes and 74 wolves were necropsied between 2008 and 2014. Four nematode species were identified: Angiostrongylus vasorum, Eucoleus aerophilus, Crenosoma vulpis and Filaroides hirthi. This last species was only found in wolves, being the first time that is cited worldwide in this wild canid. The overall parasite prevalence was significantly higher in foxes (70{\%}) than in wolves (28{\%}). Specifically, prevalences in foxes and wolves were, respectively, 43{\%} and 22{\%} for A. vasorum, 33{\%} and 5{\%} for E. aerophilus, and 30{\%} and 9{\%} for C. vulpis. The prevalence of F. hirthi was 16{\%}. The A. vasorum intensity was significantly higher in foxes than in wolves. Differences between host species in the risk of infection would be associated to diverging feeding behavior, and possibly reflects a parasite-host adaptation related to host's hunting strategies and cardiorespiratory requirements. This study revealed an association between infection and environmental factors, and highlighted a wide variation in the spatial distribution of A. vasorum. Our results indicate that cardiopulmonary parasites are widespread in wild canids in northwest Spain, and further agrees with other studies indicating the expansion of A. vasorum in Europe and, therefore, the urgent need to investigate infection in dogs in sympatric areas.",
keywords = "Cardiopulmonary parasites, Iberian Peninsula, Iberian wolf, Red fox, Spain",
author = "Mart{\'i}nez-Rond{\'a}n, {Francisco Jos{\'e}} and {Ruiz de Yb{\'a}{\~n}ez}, {Mar{\'i}a Roc{\'i}o} and L{\'o}pez-Beceiro, {Ana Mar{\'i}a} and Fidalgo, {Luis Eusebio} and Eduardo Berriatua and Liron Lahat and Irene Sacrist{\'a}n and {\'A}lvaro Oleaga and Carlos Mart{\'i}nez-Carrasco",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.rvsc.2019.08.008",
language = "English",
volume = "126",
pages = "51--58",
journal = "Research in Veterinary Science",
issn = "0034-5288",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Martínez-Rondán, FJ, Ruiz de Ybáñez, MR, López-Beceiro, AM, Fidalgo, LE, Berriatua, E, Lahat, L, Sacristán, I, Oleaga, Á & Martínez-Carrasco, C 2019, 'Cardiopulmonary nematode infections in wild canids: Does the key lie on host-prey-parasite evolution?', Research in Veterinary Science, vol. 126, pp. 51-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2019.08.008

Cardiopulmonary nematode infections in wild canids : Does the key lie on host-prey-parasite evolution? / Martínez-Rondán, Francisco José; Ruiz de Ybáñez, María Rocío; López-Beceiro, Ana María; Fidalgo, Luis Eusebio; Berriatua, Eduardo; Lahat, Liron; Sacristán, Irene; Oleaga, Álvaro; Martínez-Carrasco, Carlos.

En: Research in Veterinary Science, Vol. 126, 01.10.2019, p. 51-58.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiopulmonary nematode infections in wild canids

T2 - Does the key lie on host-prey-parasite evolution?

AU - Martínez-Rondán, Francisco José

AU - Ruiz de Ybáñez, María Rocío

AU - López-Beceiro, Ana María

AU - Fidalgo, Luis Eusebio

AU - Berriatua, Eduardo

AU - Lahat, Liron

AU - Sacristán, Irene

AU - Oleaga, Álvaro

AU - Martínez-Carrasco, Carlos

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - Cardiopulmonary nematodes are among the most pathogenic parasites of domestic and wild canids. The aim of this study was to describe the species diversity, prevalence and infection intensity of these parasites in the Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus) and the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula. 257 foxes and 74 wolves were necropsied between 2008 and 2014. Four nematode species were identified: Angiostrongylus vasorum, Eucoleus aerophilus, Crenosoma vulpis and Filaroides hirthi. This last species was only found in wolves, being the first time that is cited worldwide in this wild canid. The overall parasite prevalence was significantly higher in foxes (70%) than in wolves (28%). Specifically, prevalences in foxes and wolves were, respectively, 43% and 22% for A. vasorum, 33% and 5% for E. aerophilus, and 30% and 9% for C. vulpis. The prevalence of F. hirthi was 16%. The A. vasorum intensity was significantly higher in foxes than in wolves. Differences between host species in the risk of infection would be associated to diverging feeding behavior, and possibly reflects a parasite-host adaptation related to host's hunting strategies and cardiorespiratory requirements. This study revealed an association between infection and environmental factors, and highlighted a wide variation in the spatial distribution of A. vasorum. Our results indicate that cardiopulmonary parasites are widespread in wild canids in northwest Spain, and further agrees with other studies indicating the expansion of A. vasorum in Europe and, therefore, the urgent need to investigate infection in dogs in sympatric areas.

AB - Cardiopulmonary nematodes are among the most pathogenic parasites of domestic and wild canids. The aim of this study was to describe the species diversity, prevalence and infection intensity of these parasites in the Iberian wolf (Canis lupus signatus) and the red fox (Vulpes vulpes) in the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula. 257 foxes and 74 wolves were necropsied between 2008 and 2014. Four nematode species were identified: Angiostrongylus vasorum, Eucoleus aerophilus, Crenosoma vulpis and Filaroides hirthi. This last species was only found in wolves, being the first time that is cited worldwide in this wild canid. The overall parasite prevalence was significantly higher in foxes (70%) than in wolves (28%). Specifically, prevalences in foxes and wolves were, respectively, 43% and 22% for A. vasorum, 33% and 5% for E. aerophilus, and 30% and 9% for C. vulpis. The prevalence of F. hirthi was 16%. The A. vasorum intensity was significantly higher in foxes than in wolves. Differences between host species in the risk of infection would be associated to diverging feeding behavior, and possibly reflects a parasite-host adaptation related to host's hunting strategies and cardiorespiratory requirements. This study revealed an association between infection and environmental factors, and highlighted a wide variation in the spatial distribution of A. vasorum. Our results indicate that cardiopulmonary parasites are widespread in wild canids in northwest Spain, and further agrees with other studies indicating the expansion of A. vasorum in Europe and, therefore, the urgent need to investigate infection in dogs in sympatric areas.

KW - Cardiopulmonary parasites

KW - Iberian Peninsula

KW - Iberian wolf

KW - Red fox

KW - Spain

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070688213&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.rvsc.2019.08.008

DO - 10.1016/j.rvsc.2019.08.008

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85070688213

VL - 126

SP - 51

EP - 58

JO - Research in Veterinary Science

JF - Research in Veterinary Science

SN - 0034-5288

ER -

Martínez-Rondán FJ, Ruiz de Ybáñez MR, López-Beceiro AM, Fidalgo LE, Berriatua E, Lahat L y otros. Cardiopulmonary nematode infections in wild canids: Does the key lie on host-prey-parasite evolution? Research in Veterinary Science. 2019 oct 1;126:51-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rvsc.2019.08.008