Caracterización molecular de mecanismos de resistencia a cloranfenicol en cepas de Shigella flexneri aisladas en niños chilenos con diarrea aguda

Mauricio Farfán U, Oscar Flores G, Niurka Navarro G, Valeria Prado J, Guido Mora L, Cecilia Toro U

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

4 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: Chloramphenicol is one of the therapeutic options for shigellosis, but resistance to this antimicrobial is increasing. Aim: To characterize molecular mechanisms conferring resistance to chloramphenicol (CmR) in Shigella flexneri strains isolated from Chilean children with acute diarrhea. Material and methods: Thirty one Shigella filexneri strains, including 22 with the CmR phenotype were analyzed. Strains were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility by plate dilution and for the presence of an internal fragment of the cat gene encoding for chloramphenicol o-acetyl-transferase, by polymerase chain reaction and Southern blot analysis. Results: All CmR strains had a minimal inhibitory concentration over 64 μg/ml and amplified the internal fragment of the cat gene. Southern blot analyses indicated that this gene was located in the bacterial chromosome. Conclusions: Resistance to chloramphenicol in this group of Shigella flexneri strains was mediated by a chromosomally located cat gene.

Título traducido de la contribuciónMolecular characterization of resistance mechanisms to chloramphenicol in Shigella flexneri strains isolated from Chilean children with acute diarrhea
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)275-280
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónRevista Medica de Chile
Volumen130
N.º3
EstadoPublicada - mar 2002

Palabras clave

  • Chloramphenicol o-acetyl-transferase
  • Chloramphenicol resistance
  • Genes, cat
  • Shigella flexneri

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Medicina (todo)

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