Características del papanicolaou y de la atención recibida como factores para adherir (o no) al tamizaje. Estudio cualitativo en mujeres Chilenas

Maria Teresa Urrutia, Macarena Gajardo

Resultado de la investigación: Article

Resumen

Objective: To describe the perception of a group of Chilean women about the quality of care and the characteristics of the PAP test as factors that influence the decision to take or not the test. Method: Qualitative descriptive research with content analysis. Fifty-seven Chilean women from four public primary healthcare centers from the South East Metropolitan Health Service participated in this study. Data was obtained using the focus group methodology. Results: The characteristics of the procedure, the association with symptoms and cancer, the periodicity, the experience with close persons with cancer and the susceptibility are subjects associated with the exam. Regarding quality of care, the type of health system, the lack of money, the gender of the professional, the previous negative experiences, the lack of information and the appointment scheduling system were the topics analyzed. Conclusion: Adherence to cervical cancer screening is a multifactorial phenomenon and should be addressed as such. Healthcare professionals play an important role in the promotion of screening, and must proactively address women's perceptions and knowledge about it, without forgetting that the quality of care has also an important influence on the decision of taking or not the Pap test.

Título traducido de la contribuciónCharacteristics of the Pap test and care received as factors to adhere (or not) to screening. Qualitative study in Chilean women
Idioma originalSpanish
Páginas (desde-hasta)471-477
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónRevista Chilena de Obstetricia y Ginecologia
Volumen83
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 nov 2018

Huella dactilar

Papanicolaou Test
Quality of Health Care
Qualitative Research
Periodicity
Focus Groups
Early Detection of Cancer
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Health Services
Neoplasms
Primary Health Care
Appointments and Schedules
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

    Citar esto

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    abstract = "Objective: To describe the perception of a group of Chilean women about the quality of care and the characteristics of the PAP test as factors that influence the decision to take or not the test. Method: Qualitative descriptive research with content analysis. Fifty-seven Chilean women from four public primary healthcare centers from the South East Metropolitan Health Service participated in this study. Data was obtained using the focus group methodology. Results: The characteristics of the procedure, the association with symptoms and cancer, the periodicity, the experience with close persons with cancer and the susceptibility are subjects associated with the exam. Regarding quality of care, the type of health system, the lack of money, the gender of the professional, the previous negative experiences, the lack of information and the appointment scheduling system were the topics analyzed. Conclusion: Adherence to cervical cancer screening is a multifactorial phenomenon and should be addressed as such. Healthcare professionals play an important role in the promotion of screening, and must proactively address women's perceptions and knowledge about it, without forgetting that the quality of care has also an important influence on the decision of taking or not the Pap test.",
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    author = "Urrutia, {Maria Teresa} and Macarena Gajardo",
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    AU - Gajardo, Macarena

    PY - 2018/11/1

    Y1 - 2018/11/1

    N2 - Objective: To describe the perception of a group of Chilean women about the quality of care and the characteristics of the PAP test as factors that influence the decision to take or not the test. Method: Qualitative descriptive research with content analysis. Fifty-seven Chilean women from four public primary healthcare centers from the South East Metropolitan Health Service participated in this study. Data was obtained using the focus group methodology. Results: The characteristics of the procedure, the association with symptoms and cancer, the periodicity, the experience with close persons with cancer and the susceptibility are subjects associated with the exam. Regarding quality of care, the type of health system, the lack of money, the gender of the professional, the previous negative experiences, the lack of information and the appointment scheduling system were the topics analyzed. Conclusion: Adherence to cervical cancer screening is a multifactorial phenomenon and should be addressed as such. Healthcare professionals play an important role in the promotion of screening, and must proactively address women's perceptions and knowledge about it, without forgetting that the quality of care has also an important influence on the decision of taking or not the Pap test.

    AB - Objective: To describe the perception of a group of Chilean women about the quality of care and the characteristics of the PAP test as factors that influence the decision to take or not the test. Method: Qualitative descriptive research with content analysis. Fifty-seven Chilean women from four public primary healthcare centers from the South East Metropolitan Health Service participated in this study. Data was obtained using the focus group methodology. Results: The characteristics of the procedure, the association with symptoms and cancer, the periodicity, the experience with close persons with cancer and the susceptibility are subjects associated with the exam. Regarding quality of care, the type of health system, the lack of money, the gender of the professional, the previous negative experiences, the lack of information and the appointment scheduling system were the topics analyzed. Conclusion: Adherence to cervical cancer screening is a multifactorial phenomenon and should be addressed as such. Healthcare professionals play an important role in the promotion of screening, and must proactively address women's perceptions and knowledge about it, without forgetting that the quality of care has also an important influence on the decision of taking or not the Pap test.

    KW - Adherence

    KW - Cervical cancer

    KW - Pap smear

    KW - Screening

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