Características antropométricas y condición física funcional de adultos mayores chilenos insertos en la comunidad

Francisco A. Guede Rojas, Luis J. Chirosa, Sergio A. Fuentealba, César A. Vergara, David L. Ulloa, Sergio E. Salazar, Héctor A. Márquez, Paola A. Barboza

Resultado de la investigación: Article

Resumen

Introduction: Anthropometry and functional fitness (FF) are fundamental aspects for functional independence conservation of older adults (OA). However, little has been investigated in chilean OA. Objective: To analyze anthropometric and FF characteristics of non-disabled OA. Methods: One hundred and sixteen subjects participated in the study. It was determined the prevalence of weight categories (Body Mass Index [BMI]) and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) (Waist Circumference [WC], Waist-Hip Ratio [WHR] and Waist-to-Height ratio [WHtR]). Additionally, “under the norm” physical performance and performance standards (Senior Fitness Test Battery [SFT]). Anthropometric and FF differences were analyzed according sex and age categories. Results: A total of 63.8% and 73.5% of men and women respectively were overweight. The highest prevalence of CMR was obtained through WHtR and the tests with the highest prevalence of low performance were 2-minute step Test and Back scratch Test. The performance standard was reached in 29.7% and 17.3%, in men and women respectively. Men presented greater height, WHR, strength and aerobic capacity. Women had greater hip circumference, BMI, WHtR and flexibility. These results tends to be maintained in the analyzes according age categories. Conclusions: The studied sample presented a high prevalence of overweight, CMR and low physical performance especially in women. Due its low cost and complexity, it is proposed that integral evaluation of anthropometric and FF parameters should be implemented in primary care programs aimed to preserving functionality of OA.

Idioma originalSpanish
Páginas (desde-hasta)1319-1327
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónNutricion Hospitalaria
Volumen34
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 ene 2017

Huella dactilar

Independent Living
Waist-Hip Ratio
Body Mass Index
Anthropometry
Waist Circumference
Exercise Test
Hip
Primary Health Care
Weights and Measures
Costs and Cost Analysis
Waist-Height Ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Citar esto

Guede Rojas, Francisco A. ; Chirosa, Luis J. ; Fuentealba, Sergio A. ; Vergara, César A. ; Ulloa, David L. ; Salazar, Sergio E. ; Márquez, Héctor A. ; Barboza, Paola A. / Características antropométricas y condición física funcional de adultos mayores chilenos insertos en la comunidad. En: Nutricion Hospitalaria. 2017 ; Vol. 34, N.º 6. pp. 1319-1327.
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title = "Caracter{\'i}sticas antropom{\'e}tricas y condici{\'o}n f{\'i}sica funcional de adultos mayores chilenos insertos en la comunidad",
abstract = "Introduction: Anthropometry and functional fitness (FF) are fundamental aspects for functional independence conservation of older adults (OA). However, little has been investigated in chilean OA. Objective: To analyze anthropometric and FF characteristics of non-disabled OA. Methods: One hundred and sixteen subjects participated in the study. It was determined the prevalence of weight categories (Body Mass Index [BMI]) and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) (Waist Circumference [WC], Waist-Hip Ratio [WHR] and Waist-to-Height ratio [WHtR]). Additionally, “under the norm” physical performance and performance standards (Senior Fitness Test Battery [SFT]). Anthropometric and FF differences were analyzed according sex and age categories. Results: A total of 63.8{\%} and 73.5{\%} of men and women respectively were overweight. The highest prevalence of CMR was obtained through WHtR and the tests with the highest prevalence of low performance were 2-minute step Test and Back scratch Test. The performance standard was reached in 29.7{\%} and 17.3{\%}, in men and women respectively. Men presented greater height, WHR, strength and aerobic capacity. Women had greater hip circumference, BMI, WHtR and flexibility. These results tends to be maintained in the analyzes according age categories. Conclusions: The studied sample presented a high prevalence of overweight, CMR and low physical performance especially in women. Due its low cost and complexity, it is proposed that integral evaluation of anthropometric and FF parameters should be implemented in primary care programs aimed to preserving functionality of OA.",
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year = "2017",
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Características antropométricas y condición física funcional de adultos mayores chilenos insertos en la comunidad. / Guede Rojas, Francisco A.; Chirosa, Luis J.; Fuentealba, Sergio A.; Vergara, César A.; Ulloa, David L.; Salazar, Sergio E.; Márquez, Héctor A.; Barboza, Paola A.

En: Nutricion Hospitalaria, Vol. 34, N.º 6, 01.01.2017, p. 1319-1327.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Características antropométricas y condición física funcional de adultos mayores chilenos insertos en la comunidad

AU - Guede Rojas, Francisco A.

AU - Chirosa, Luis J.

AU - Fuentealba, Sergio A.

AU - Vergara, César A.

AU - Ulloa, David L.

AU - Salazar, Sergio E.

AU - Márquez, Héctor A.

AU - Barboza, Paola A.

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Introduction: Anthropometry and functional fitness (FF) are fundamental aspects for functional independence conservation of older adults (OA). However, little has been investigated in chilean OA. Objective: To analyze anthropometric and FF characteristics of non-disabled OA. Methods: One hundred and sixteen subjects participated in the study. It was determined the prevalence of weight categories (Body Mass Index [BMI]) and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) (Waist Circumference [WC], Waist-Hip Ratio [WHR] and Waist-to-Height ratio [WHtR]). Additionally, “under the norm” physical performance and performance standards (Senior Fitness Test Battery [SFT]). Anthropometric and FF differences were analyzed according sex and age categories. Results: A total of 63.8% and 73.5% of men and women respectively were overweight. The highest prevalence of CMR was obtained through WHtR and the tests with the highest prevalence of low performance were 2-minute step Test and Back scratch Test. The performance standard was reached in 29.7% and 17.3%, in men and women respectively. Men presented greater height, WHR, strength and aerobic capacity. Women had greater hip circumference, BMI, WHtR and flexibility. These results tends to be maintained in the analyzes according age categories. Conclusions: The studied sample presented a high prevalence of overweight, CMR and low physical performance especially in women. Due its low cost and complexity, it is proposed that integral evaluation of anthropometric and FF parameters should be implemented in primary care programs aimed to preserving functionality of OA.

AB - Introduction: Anthropometry and functional fitness (FF) are fundamental aspects for functional independence conservation of older adults (OA). However, little has been investigated in chilean OA. Objective: To analyze anthropometric and FF characteristics of non-disabled OA. Methods: One hundred and sixteen subjects participated in the study. It was determined the prevalence of weight categories (Body Mass Index [BMI]) and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) (Waist Circumference [WC], Waist-Hip Ratio [WHR] and Waist-to-Height ratio [WHtR]). Additionally, “under the norm” physical performance and performance standards (Senior Fitness Test Battery [SFT]). Anthropometric and FF differences were analyzed according sex and age categories. Results: A total of 63.8% and 73.5% of men and women respectively were overweight. The highest prevalence of CMR was obtained through WHtR and the tests with the highest prevalence of low performance were 2-minute step Test and Back scratch Test. The performance standard was reached in 29.7% and 17.3%, in men and women respectively. Men presented greater height, WHR, strength and aerobic capacity. Women had greater hip circumference, BMI, WHtR and flexibility. These results tends to be maintained in the analyzes according age categories. Conclusions: The studied sample presented a high prevalence of overweight, CMR and low physical performance especially in women. Due its low cost and complexity, it is proposed that integral evaluation of anthropometric and FF parameters should be implemented in primary care programs aimed to preserving functionality of OA.

KW - Anthropometry

KW - Elderly

KW - Geriatric assessment

KW - Physical fitness

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U2 - 10.20960/nh.1288

DO - 10.20960/nh.1288

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 1319

EP - 1327

JO - Nutricion Hospitalaria

JF - Nutricion Hospitalaria

SN - 0212-1611

IS - 6

ER -