Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) is the aetiological agent of typhoid fever in humans. This bacterium is also able to persist in its host, causing a chronic disease by colonizing the spleen, liver and gallbladder, in the last of which the pathogen forms biofilms in order to survive the bile. Several genetic components, including the yihU-yshA genes, have been suggested to be involved in the survival of Salmonella in the gallbladder. In this work we describe how the yihU-yshA gene cluster forms a transcriptional unit regulated positively by the cAMP receptor global regulator CRP (cAMP receptor protein). The results obtained show that two CRP-binding sites on the regulatory region of the yihU-yshA operon are required to promote transcriptional activation. In this work we also demonstrate that the yihU-yshA transcriptional unit is carbon catabolite-repressed in Salmonella, indicating that it forms part of the CRP regulon in enteric bacteria.
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