Calidad de vida del personal de salud durante la pandemia de COVID-19: revisión exploratoria

Mariana Wauters, Thaís Zamboni Berra, Juliane de Almeida Crispim, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio, Denisse Cartagena-Ramos

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revisiónrevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Objective. Describe the quality of life of health personnel, the work environment, and interactions between employees and their work environment during the pandemic. Methods. A scoping review was conducted. The electronic databases PubMed, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Literature Complete, and Google Scholar were used, as well as the repositories of the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Primary, secondary, and grey literature studies published between December 2019 and March 2021 in Spanish, English, and Portuguese were included. Methodological quality was assessed using the Authority, Accuracy, Coverage, Objectivity, Date and Importance (AACODS) checklist; a tool for the measurement of multiple systematic reviews (AMSTAR); and the Critical Appraisal Checklist for Text and Opinion Papers. A thematic analysis was carried out based on the quality-of-life and well-being model. Results. Of a total of 208 articles, 11 were included. The quality of life of health personnel during the COVID- 19 pandemic was affected by the characteristics of health personnel, the work environment, and interactions between employees and their work environment. Problems related to psychosocial and occupational factors were observed. Discussion. The quality of life of health personnel was characterized by stigmatization, stress, anxiety, and fatigue. Organizational management and the implementation of psychological interventions appear to affect interactions between employees and their work environment, and improve their quality of life.

Título traducido de la contribuciónQuality of life of health personnel during the COVID-19 pandemic: exploratory review
Idioma originalEspañol
Número de artículo55930
PublicaciónRevista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health
Volumen46
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2022

Palabras clave

  • coronavirus infections
  • COVID-19
  • epidemics
  • Health personnel
  • occupational health
  • pandemics
  • quality of life

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Salud pública, medioambiental y laboral

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