Astrocyte activation by fibroblast growth factor-1 and motor neuron apoptosis: Implications for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Patricia Cassina, Mariana Pehar, Marcelo R. Vargas, Raquel Castellanos, Ana G. Barbeito, Alvaro G. Estévez, John A. Thompson, Joseph S. Beckman, Luis Barbeito

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

89 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Fibroblast growth factor-1 (FGF1 or acidic FGF) is highly expressed in motor neurons. FGF-1 is released from cells by oxidative stress, which might occur from SOD-1 aberrant function in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Although FGF-1 is known to be neuroprotective after spinal cord injury or axotomy, we found that FGF-1 could activate spinal cord astrocytes in a manner that decreased motor neuron survival in co-cultures. FGF-1 induced accumulation of the FGF receptor 1 (FGFR1) in astrocyte nuclei and potently stimulated nerve growth factor (NGF) expression and secretion. The FGFR1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor PD166866 prevented these effects. Previously, we have shown that NGF secretion by reactive astrocytes induces motor neuron apoptosis through a p75NTR-dependent mechanism. Embryonic motor neurons co-cultured on the top of astrocytes exhibiting activated FGFR1 underwent apoptosis, which was prevented by PD166866 or by adding either anti-NGF or anti-p75NTR neutralizing antibodies. In the degenerating spinal cord of mice carrying the ALS mutation G93A of Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase, FGF-1 was no longer localized only in the cytosol of motor neurons, while FGFR1 accumulated in the nuclei of reactive astrocytes. These results suggest that FGF-1 released by oxidative stress from motor neurons might have a role in activating astrocytes, which could in turn initiate motor neuron apoptosis in ALS through a p75 NTR-dependent mechanism.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)38-46
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónJournal of Neurochemistry
Volumen93
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene. 2005

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Bioquímica
  • Neurociencia celular y molecular

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