Associations of cardiorespiratory fitness and obesity parameters with blood pressure: fitness and fatness in youth Latin-American ethnic minority

Cristian Álvarez, Eduardo Cadore, Anelise Reis Gaya, Júlio Brugnara Mello, Cézane Priscila Reuter, Pedro Delgado-Floody, Jeison A. Ramos-Sepúlveda, Hugo Alejandro Carrillo, Dirina González Devia, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

5 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: In spite of wide international evidence about cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and adiposity in association with cardiovascular disease, there is poor evidence about this relationship in schoolchildren of ethnic minorities. Aim: To examine the relationship between CRF and body composition on blood pressure (BP) in a sample of ethnic minority schoolchildren from three Latin-American countries. Material and methods: A descriptive cross sectional study of total n = 3866, mean age 12.5 (2.7) y [girls n = 1997, mean age 12.8 (2.8) y; boys n = 1869, mean age 12.2 (2.7) y] schoolchildren from three Latin-American countries (Colombia, Brazil, Chile). Main outcomes were CRF, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, body fat percentage (%BF), and BP (systolic SB, diastolic BP, and mean arterial pressure (MAP). Results: In both sex, and after adjusting for covariates (age and ethnicity group), negative CRF by (Formula presented.) O2peak levels were associated with a higher body fatness parameters (BMI, WC, WHtR and %BF p<0.001), and blood pressure measures (systolic BP, diastolic BP, and MAP; p<0.001). A lower CRF (by (Formula presented.) O2peak) was associated with a higher BP in girls (systolic SB −0.15; −5.10 (0.30), diastolic BP −0.14; −4.43 (0.23), and MAP −0.15; −4.93 (0.26) at p<0.001), and boys (systolic SB −0.02; −0.85 (0.32), DB −0.07; −2.23 (0.23), and MAP−0.06; −1.89 (0.25 at p<0.001). There was a significant association between a ‘high-CRF + low-%BF’ with a lower systolic SB diff = − 9.6 [0.7], diastolic BP diff= − 11.0 [0.6]; and MAP level diff = − 10.6 [0.6] all p<0.001). There was a significant association between a ‘high-CRF + low-BMI’ with a lower systolic diff = − 10.3 [1.1], diastolic diff = − 11.2 [1.1], and MAP diff = − 10.9 [1.0] all p<0.001. Conclusion: A lower CRF is associated with a higher body fatness parameters, and higher BP levels in Latin-American ethnic schoolchildren. Abbreviators: %BF: Percentage of Body fat; BIA: Bioelectric impedance analysis; BMI: Body mass index; BP: Blood pressure; CRF: Cardiorespiratory fitness; CVD: Cardiovascular disease; LDL-cholesterol: SD: Standard deviation; WC: Waist circumference; WHtR: Waist-height to ratio; (Formula presented.) O2max: Maximal oxygen consumption; (Formula presented.) O2peak: Peak of oxygen consumption.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)1058-1074
Número de páginas17
PublicaciónEthnicity and Health
Volumen27
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2022
Publicado de forma externa

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Estudios culturales
  • Arte y humanidades (miscelánea)
  • Salud pública, medioambiental y laboral

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