Artificial light pollution at night (ALAN) disrupts the distribution and circadian rhythm of a sandy beach isopod

Cristian Duarte, Diego Quintanilla-Ahumada, Cristobal Anguita, Patricio H. Manríquez, Stephen Widdicombe, José Pulgar, Eduardo A. Silva-Rodríguez, Cristian Miranda, Karen Manríquez, Pedro A. Quijón

Resultado de la investigación: Article

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Coastal habitats, in particular sandy beaches, are becoming increasingly exposed to artificial light pollution at night (ALAN). Yet, only a few studies have this far assessed the effects of ALAN on the species inhabiting these ecosystems. In this study we assessed the effects of ALAN on Tylos spinulosus, a prominent wrack-consumer isopod living in sandy beaches of north-central Chile. This species burrows in the sand during daylight and emerges at night to migrate down-shore, so we argue it can be used as a model species for the study of ALAN effects on coastal nocturnal species. We assessed whether ALAN alters the distribution and locomotor activity of this isopod using a light system placed in upper shore sediments close to the edge of the dunes, mimicking light intensities measured near public lighting. The response of the isopods was compared to control transects located farther away and not exposed to artificial light. In parallel, we measured the isopods’ locomotor activity in the laboratory using actographs that recorded their movement within mesocosms simulating the beach surface. Measurements in the field indicated a clear reduction in isopod abundance near the source of the light and a restriction of their tidal distribution range, as compared to control transects. Meanwhile, the laboratory experiments showed that in mesocosms exposed to ALAN, isopods exhibited reduced activity and a circadian rhythm that was altered and even lost after a few days. Such changes with respect to control mesocosms with a natural day/night cycle suggest that the changes observed in the field were directly related to a disruption in the locomotor activity of the isopods. All together these results provide causal evidence of negative ALAN effects on this species, and call for further research on other nocturnal sandy beach species that might become increasingly affected by ALAN.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)565-573
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónEnvironmental Pollution
Volumen248
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 may 2019

Huella dactilar

Isopoda
Beaches
Circadian Rhythm
Pollution
Light
Locomotion
Ecosystem
Chile
Lighting
Ecosystems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Citar esto

Duarte, Cristian ; Quintanilla-Ahumada, Diego ; Anguita, Cristobal ; Manríquez, Patricio H. ; Widdicombe, Stephen ; Pulgar, José ; Silva-Rodríguez, Eduardo A. ; Miranda, Cristian ; Manríquez, Karen ; Quijón, Pedro A. / Artificial light pollution at night (ALAN) disrupts the distribution and circadian rhythm of a sandy beach isopod. En: Environmental Pollution. 2019 ; Vol. 248. pp. 565-573.
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title = "Artificial light pollution at night (ALAN) disrupts the distribution and circadian rhythm of a sandy beach isopod",
abstract = "Coastal habitats, in particular sandy beaches, are becoming increasingly exposed to artificial light pollution at night (ALAN). Yet, only a few studies have this far assessed the effects of ALAN on the species inhabiting these ecosystems. In this study we assessed the effects of ALAN on Tylos spinulosus, a prominent wrack-consumer isopod living in sandy beaches of north-central Chile. This species burrows in the sand during daylight and emerges at night to migrate down-shore, so we argue it can be used as a model species for the study of ALAN effects on coastal nocturnal species. We assessed whether ALAN alters the distribution and locomotor activity of this isopod using a light system placed in upper shore sediments close to the edge of the dunes, mimicking light intensities measured near public lighting. The response of the isopods was compared to control transects located farther away and not exposed to artificial light. In parallel, we measured the isopods’ locomotor activity in the laboratory using actographs that recorded their movement within mesocosms simulating the beach surface. Measurements in the field indicated a clear reduction in isopod abundance near the source of the light and a restriction of their tidal distribution range, as compared to control transects. Meanwhile, the laboratory experiments showed that in mesocosms exposed to ALAN, isopods exhibited reduced activity and a circadian rhythm that was altered and even lost after a few days. Such changes with respect to control mesocosms with a natural day/night cycle suggest that the changes observed in the field were directly related to a disruption in the locomotor activity of the isopods. All together these results provide causal evidence of negative ALAN effects on this species, and call for further research on other nocturnal sandy beach species that might become increasingly affected by ALAN.",
author = "Cristian Duarte and Diego Quintanilla-Ahumada and Cristobal Anguita and Manr{\'i}quez, {Patricio H.} and Stephen Widdicombe and Jos{\'e} Pulgar and Silva-Rodr{\'i}guez, {Eduardo A.} and Cristian Miranda and Karen Manr{\'i}quez and Quij{\'o}n, {Pedro A.}",
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Duarte, C, Quintanilla-Ahumada, D, Anguita, C, Manríquez, PH, Widdicombe, S, Pulgar, J, Silva-Rodríguez, EA, Miranda, C, Manríquez, K & Quijón, PA 2019, 'Artificial light pollution at night (ALAN) disrupts the distribution and circadian rhythm of a sandy beach isopod', Environmental Pollution, vol. 248, pp. 565-573. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.02.037

Artificial light pollution at night (ALAN) disrupts the distribution and circadian rhythm of a sandy beach isopod. / Duarte, Cristian; Quintanilla-Ahumada, Diego; Anguita, Cristobal; Manríquez, Patricio H.; Widdicombe, Stephen; Pulgar, José; Silva-Rodríguez, Eduardo A.; Miranda, Cristian; Manríquez, Karen; Quijón, Pedro A.

En: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 248, 01.05.2019, p. 565-573.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Artificial light pollution at night (ALAN) disrupts the distribution and circadian rhythm of a sandy beach isopod

AU - Duarte, Cristian

AU - Quintanilla-Ahumada, Diego

AU - Anguita, Cristobal

AU - Manríquez, Patricio H.

AU - Widdicombe, Stephen

AU - Pulgar, José

AU - Silva-Rodríguez, Eduardo A.

AU - Miranda, Cristian

AU - Manríquez, Karen

AU - Quijón, Pedro A.

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - Coastal habitats, in particular sandy beaches, are becoming increasingly exposed to artificial light pollution at night (ALAN). Yet, only a few studies have this far assessed the effects of ALAN on the species inhabiting these ecosystems. In this study we assessed the effects of ALAN on Tylos spinulosus, a prominent wrack-consumer isopod living in sandy beaches of north-central Chile. This species burrows in the sand during daylight and emerges at night to migrate down-shore, so we argue it can be used as a model species for the study of ALAN effects on coastal nocturnal species. We assessed whether ALAN alters the distribution and locomotor activity of this isopod using a light system placed in upper shore sediments close to the edge of the dunes, mimicking light intensities measured near public lighting. The response of the isopods was compared to control transects located farther away and not exposed to artificial light. In parallel, we measured the isopods’ locomotor activity in the laboratory using actographs that recorded their movement within mesocosms simulating the beach surface. Measurements in the field indicated a clear reduction in isopod abundance near the source of the light and a restriction of their tidal distribution range, as compared to control transects. Meanwhile, the laboratory experiments showed that in mesocosms exposed to ALAN, isopods exhibited reduced activity and a circadian rhythm that was altered and even lost after a few days. Such changes with respect to control mesocosms with a natural day/night cycle suggest that the changes observed in the field were directly related to a disruption in the locomotor activity of the isopods. All together these results provide causal evidence of negative ALAN effects on this species, and call for further research on other nocturnal sandy beach species that might become increasingly affected by ALAN.

AB - Coastal habitats, in particular sandy beaches, are becoming increasingly exposed to artificial light pollution at night (ALAN). Yet, only a few studies have this far assessed the effects of ALAN on the species inhabiting these ecosystems. In this study we assessed the effects of ALAN on Tylos spinulosus, a prominent wrack-consumer isopod living in sandy beaches of north-central Chile. This species burrows in the sand during daylight and emerges at night to migrate down-shore, so we argue it can be used as a model species for the study of ALAN effects on coastal nocturnal species. We assessed whether ALAN alters the distribution and locomotor activity of this isopod using a light system placed in upper shore sediments close to the edge of the dunes, mimicking light intensities measured near public lighting. The response of the isopods was compared to control transects located farther away and not exposed to artificial light. In parallel, we measured the isopods’ locomotor activity in the laboratory using actographs that recorded their movement within mesocosms simulating the beach surface. Measurements in the field indicated a clear reduction in isopod abundance near the source of the light and a restriction of their tidal distribution range, as compared to control transects. Meanwhile, the laboratory experiments showed that in mesocosms exposed to ALAN, isopods exhibited reduced activity and a circadian rhythm that was altered and even lost after a few days. Such changes with respect to control mesocosms with a natural day/night cycle suggest that the changes observed in the field were directly related to a disruption in the locomotor activity of the isopods. All together these results provide causal evidence of negative ALAN effects on this species, and call for further research on other nocturnal sandy beach species that might become increasingly affected by ALAN.

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