Applying science to pressing conservation needs for penguins

P. D. Boersma, P. García Borboroglu, N. J. Gownaris, C. A. Bost, A. Chiaradia, S. Ellis, T. Schneider, P. J. Seddon, A. Simeone, P. N. Trathan, L. J. Waller, B. Wienecke

Resultado de la investigación: Article

Resumen

More than half of the world's 18 penguin species are declining. We, the Steering Committee of the International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Survival Commission Penguin Specialist Group, determined that the penguin species in most critical need of conservation action are African penguin (Spheniscus demersus), Galápagos penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus), and Yellow-eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes). Due to small or rapidly declining populations, these species require immediate scientific collaboration and policy intervention. We also used a pairwise-ranking approach to prioritize research and conservation needs for all penguins. Among the 12 cross-taxa research areas we identified, we ranked quantifying population trends, estimating demographic rates, forecasting environmental patterns of change, and improving the knowledge of fisheries interactions as the highest priorities. The highest ranked conservation needs were to enhance marine spatial planning, improve stakeholder engagement, and develop disaster-management and species-specific action plans. We concurred that, to improve the translation of science into effective conservation for penguins, the scientific community and funding bodies must recognize the importance of and support long-term research; research on and conservation of penguins must expand its focus to include the nonbreeding season and juvenile stage; marine reserves must be designed at ecologically appropriate spatial and temporal scales; and communication between scientists and decision makers must be improved with the help of individual scientists and interdisciplinary working groups.

Idioma originalEnglish
PublicaciónConservation Biology
DOI
EstadoPublished - 1 ene 2019

Huella dactilar

penguins
pressing
disaster management
marine park
spatial planning
action plan
Spheniscus
ranking
need
science
disasters
stakeholder
natural resources conservation
communication (human)
fishery
funding
committees
communication
stakeholders
demographic statistics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Citar esto

Boersma, P. D., Borboroglu, P. G., Gownaris, N. J., Bost, C. A., Chiaradia, A., Ellis, S., ... Wienecke, B. (2019). Applying science to pressing conservation needs for penguins. Conservation Biology. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13378
Boersma, P. D. ; Borboroglu, P. García ; Gownaris, N. J. ; Bost, C. A. ; Chiaradia, A. ; Ellis, S. ; Schneider, T. ; Seddon, P. J. ; Simeone, A. ; Trathan, P. N. ; Waller, L. J. ; Wienecke, B. / Applying science to pressing conservation needs for penguins. En: Conservation Biology. 2019.
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abstract = "More than half of the world's 18 penguin species are declining. We, the Steering Committee of the International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Survival Commission Penguin Specialist Group, determined that the penguin species in most critical need of conservation action are African penguin (Spheniscus demersus), Gal{\'a}pagos penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus), and Yellow-eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes). Due to small or rapidly declining populations, these species require immediate scientific collaboration and policy intervention. We also used a pairwise-ranking approach to prioritize research and conservation needs for all penguins. Among the 12 cross-taxa research areas we identified, we ranked quantifying population trends, estimating demographic rates, forecasting environmental patterns of change, and improving the knowledge of fisheries interactions as the highest priorities. The highest ranked conservation needs were to enhance marine spatial planning, improve stakeholder engagement, and develop disaster-management and species-specific action plans. We concurred that, to improve the translation of science into effective conservation for penguins, the scientific community and funding bodies must recognize the importance of and support long-term research; research on and conservation of penguins must expand its focus to include the nonbreeding season and juvenile stage; marine reserves must be designed at ecologically appropriate spatial and temporal scales; and communication between scientists and decision makers must be improved with the help of individual scientists and interdisciplinary working groups.",
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Boersma, PD, Borboroglu, PG, Gownaris, NJ, Bost, CA, Chiaradia, A, Ellis, S, Schneider, T, Seddon, PJ, Simeone, A, Trathan, PN, Waller, LJ & Wienecke, B 2019, 'Applying science to pressing conservation needs for penguins', Conservation Biology. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13378

Applying science to pressing conservation needs for penguins. / Boersma, P. D.; Borboroglu, P. García; Gownaris, N. J.; Bost, C. A.; Chiaradia, A.; Ellis, S.; Schneider, T.; Seddon, P. J.; Simeone, A.; Trathan, P. N.; Waller, L. J.; Wienecke, B.

En: Conservation Biology, 01.01.2019.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

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AU - Boersma, P. D.

AU - Borboroglu, P. García

AU - Gownaris, N. J.

AU - Bost, C. A.

AU - Chiaradia, A.

AU - Ellis, S.

AU - Schneider, T.

AU - Seddon, P. J.

AU - Simeone, A.

AU - Trathan, P. N.

AU - Waller, L. J.

AU - Wienecke, B.

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N2 - More than half of the world's 18 penguin species are declining. We, the Steering Committee of the International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Survival Commission Penguin Specialist Group, determined that the penguin species in most critical need of conservation action are African penguin (Spheniscus demersus), Galápagos penguin (Spheniscus mendiculus), and Yellow-eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes). Due to small or rapidly declining populations, these species require immediate scientific collaboration and policy intervention. We also used a pairwise-ranking approach to prioritize research and conservation needs for all penguins. Among the 12 cross-taxa research areas we identified, we ranked quantifying population trends, estimating demographic rates, forecasting environmental patterns of change, and improving the knowledge of fisheries interactions as the highest priorities. The highest ranked conservation needs were to enhance marine spatial planning, improve stakeholder engagement, and develop disaster-management and species-specific action plans. We concurred that, to improve the translation of science into effective conservation for penguins, the scientific community and funding bodies must recognize the importance of and support long-term research; research on and conservation of penguins must expand its focus to include the nonbreeding season and juvenile stage; marine reserves must be designed at ecologically appropriate spatial and temporal scales; and communication between scientists and decision makers must be improved with the help of individual scientists and interdisciplinary working groups.

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KW - climate change

KW - comunicación científica

KW - ecosystem sentinels

KW - hábitat no reproductor

KW - knowledge gaps

KW - marine spatial planning

KW - nonbreeding habitat

KW - pairwise ranking

KW - planificación marina espacial

KW - science communication

KW - vacíos de conocimiento

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JO - Conservation Biology

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SN - 0888-8892

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Boersma PD, Borboroglu PG, Gownaris NJ, Bost CA, Chiaradia A, Ellis S y otros. Applying science to pressing conservation needs for penguins. Conservation Biology. 2019 ene 1. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13378