In order to achieve an adequate diagnosis of the insulation system in any electrical asset it is necessary to carry out a proper separation process after measuring partial discharges (PD), since during the data acquisition it is very likely that simultaneous PD sources and electrical noise have been measured. Clearly, such separation will simplify the subsequent identification process, because the analysis will be done individually for each of the sources and not over the total of the signals. In this sense, the Spectral Power Clustering Technique (SPCT) has proven to be an effective technique when separating multiple sources acting simultaneously in a monitoring process. The effectiveness of this separation technique is fundamentally based on the proper selection of frequency bands or separation intervals, where the spectral power of the pulses is different for each source. In the case of selecting the wrong bands, the clusters will overlap, hiding the presence of the total number of sources. This research evaluates the performance of different meta-heuristic algorithms when applied to the SPCT for selecting separation intervals. The results obtained from the measurements made in different test objects will allow determining the most appropriate technique for separating PD sources and electrical noise acting simultaneously over an insulation system.
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