This study was undertaken to investigate the free radical-scavenging and antioxidant activities of various structurally related hydroquinones including hydroxynaphthalenones and dihydroxyanthracenones. Electron spin resonance spectroscopy and spin trapping techniques were used to evaluate the ability of hydroquinones to scavenge hydroxyl, diphenylpicrylhydrazyl, and galvinoxyl radicals. In addition, the oxygen radical absorbing capacity assay using fluorescein (ORAC-FL) was used to obtain the relative antioxidant capacity of these radicals. The rate constants of the first H atom abstraction by 2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (k2), were obtained under pseudo-first-order conditions. The free radical-scavenging activities and k2 values discriminate well between hydroxynaphthalenones and dihydroxyanthracenones, showing that the latter have better antioxidant properties. The aforementioned experimental data agree with quantum-chemical results demonstrating the relevance of intramolecular H bonding to radical-scavenging activities.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Biología molecular
- Química orgánica
- Descubrimiento de medicamentos
- Ciencias farmacéuticas