Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that involves the death of the dopaminergic neurons of the nigrostriatal pathway and, consequently, the progressive loss of control of voluntary movements. This neurodegenerative process is triggered by the deposition of protein aggregates in the brain, which are mainly constituted of α-synuclein. Several studies have indicated that neuroinflammation is required to develop the neurodegeneration associated with Parkinson's disease. Notably, the neuroinflammatory process involves microglial activation as well as the infiltration of peripheral T cells into the substantia nigra (SN). This work analyzes a mouse model of Parkinson's disease that recapitulates microglial activation, T-cell infiltration into the SN, the neurodegeneration of nigral dopaminergic neurons, and motor impairment. This mouse model of Parkinson's disease is induced by the stereotaxic delivery of adeno-associated viral vectors encoding the human wild-type α-synuclein (AAV-hαSyn) into the SN. The correct delivery of viral vectors into the SN was confirmed using control vectors encoding green fluorescent protein (GFP). Afterward, how the dose of AAV-hαSyn administered in the SN affected the extent of hαSyn expression, the loss of nigral dopaminergic neurons, and motor impairment were evaluated. Moreover, the dynamics of hαSyn expression, microglial activation, and T-cell infiltration were determined throughout the time course of disease development. Thus, this study provides critical time points that may be useful for targeting synuclein pathology and neuroinflammation in this preclinical model of Parkinson's disease.
Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus
- Neurociencia (todo)
- Ingeniería química (todo)
- Bioquímica, genética y biología molecular (todo)
- Inmunología y microbiología (todo)