Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase: Mutagenesis at Metal Site 2

Ana María Jabalquinto, Maris Laivenieks, Fernando D. González-Nilo, María Victoria Encinas, Gregory Zeikus, Emilio Cardemil

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículo

4 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxykinases harbor two divalent metal-binding sites. One cation interacts with the enzyme (metal binding site 1) to elicit activation, while a second cation (metal binding site 2) interacts with the nucleotide to serve as the metal nucleotide substrate. Mutants of Anaerobiospirillum succiniciproducens PEP carboxykinase have been constructed where Thr249 and Asp262, two residues of metal binding site 2 of the enzyme, were altered. Binding of the 3′(2′ )-O-(N-methylantraniloyl) derivative of ADP provides a test of the structural integrity of these mutants. The conservative mutation (Asp262Glu) retains a significant proportion of the wild type enzymatic activity. Meanwhile, removal of the OH group of Thr249 in the Thr249Ala mutant causes a decrease in Vmax by a factor of 1.1 × 104. Molecular modeling of wild type and mutant enzymes suggests that the lower catalytic efficiency of the Thr249Ala enzyme could be explained by a movement of the lateral chain of Lys248, a critical catalytic residue, away from the reaction center.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)515-519
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónJournal of Protein Chemistry
Volumen22
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ago 2003

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Bioquímica

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