Análisis espacial del efecto de la pandemia por COVID-19 en los accidentes de tránsito en las comunas de Valparaíso y Viña del Mar, Chile

Patricia F. Godoy, Carola Blazquez, Karen Sauer-Brand

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a los tipos de informe/libroContribución a la conferenciarevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

This study investigates the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on traffic crashes in the districts of Valparaíso and Viña del Mar, Chile from a spatial and temporal perspective. Spatial autocorrelation analysis using Global and Local Morans I indicators were used to identify statistically significant spatial clusters at the global and local level, respectively. The results indicate that there is a global spatial clustering of the traffic crashes in the studied area in the years 2019 and 2020. Although there is a reduction in the number of traffic crashes in 2020, at the local level, these crashes tend to cluster spatially in the downtown areas of both districts with a larger number of spatial clusters with high values in Viña del Mar. Additionally, Differential Moran's I statistic was employed to analyze the spatio-temporal variation of traffic accidents in both districts before and during the pandemic. The results show that there is a significant increase of spatial clusters in Valparaíso and a significant decrease in these clusters in Viña del Mar. The findings of this study may help support authorities decisions to improve traffic safety in the districts of Valparaíso and Viña del Mar.

Título traducido de la contribuciónSpatial Analysis of the effect of the pandemic due to COVID-19 on traffic crashes in the districts of Valparaíso and Viña del Mar, Chile
Idioma originalEspañol
Título de la publicación alojada20th LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education Caribbean Conference for Engineering and Technology
Subtítulo de la publicación alojada"Education, Research and Leadership in Post-Pandemic Engineering: Resilient Inclusive and Sustainable Actions", LACCEI 2022
EditoresMaria M. Larrondo Petrie, Jose Texier, Andrea Pena, Jose Angel Sanchez Viloria
EditorialLatin American and Caribbean Consortium of Engineering Institutions
ISBN (versión digital)9786289520705
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2022
Evento20th LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education Caribbean Conference for Engineering and Technology, LACCEI 2022 - Boca Raton, Estados Unidos
Duración: 18 jul. 202222 jul. 2022

Serie de la publicación

NombreProceedings of the LACCEI international Multi-conference for Engineering, Education and Technology
Volumen2022-July
ISSN (versión digital)2414-6390

Conferencia

Conferencia20th LACCEI International Multi-Conference for Engineering, Education Caribbean Conference for Engineering and Technology, LACCEI 2022
País/TerritorioEstados Unidos
CiudadBoca Raton
Período18/07/2222/07/22

Palabras clave

  • Chile
  • Pandemic
  • Spatial analysis
  • Spatial autocorrelation
  • Traffic safety

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Ingeniería (miscelánea)
  • Educación

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