Adultos mayores institucionalizados en Chile: ¿Cómo saber cuántos son?

Pedro Paulo Marín L, José Miguel Guzmán M, Alejandra Araya G

Resultado de la investigación: Article

8 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background: Elderly people (>60 years) in Chile represented 11.4% (n=1.717.478) of the total population in 2002. The group with disabilities or mental problems is increasing and there is no reliable information about the number of institutionalized elderly subjects. Aim: To estimate the number of elderly people living in residences for long term care and their and main characteristics. Patients and methods: Chilean Census does not provide exact information about institutional care, therefore we developed a «proxy» indicator of the percentage of institutionalized elderly (those living in «collective residences with more than 5 elderly persons and in which they represent more than 25% of the residents». This proxy has a R2=0.9859 with the true value of institutionalized persons for those Latin-American countries with exact value in census data at CELADE. Results: Using the proxy we found that institutionalized elderly population had increased from 14,114 (1992) to 26,854 (2002) and is projected to reach 83,500 (2025). In 2002, there were 1.668 institutions (37.4% informal care). In the Metropolitan Area, there were 804 institutions (14.178 elderly persons) and 40.3% of these were registered at the Ministry of Health. The proportion of institutionalized elderly subjects was 1.56% of the total elderly population; this proportion increased from 0.87% in subjects 60-74 years old to 2.5% among subjects aged 75-84 years and 6.1% in subjects 85 years old and over. Among subjects living in institutions, 60.9 were women, 21% were married, 35% were single, approximately 50% receive a pension and around 15% were handicapped. Conclusions: Institutional care affects a small percentage of elderly population, but it will increase in the near future. The main characteristics of institutionalized elderly subjects are not well known. We propose to create a formal Registry of these institutions and to include Nursing Homes and hospitals in type of housing of future Censuses.

Idioma originalSpanish
Páginas (desde-hasta)832-838
Número de páginas7
PublicaciónRevista Medica de Chile
Volumen132
N.º7
EstadoPublished - 1 jul 2004

Huella dactilar

Chile
Proxy
Censuses
Population
Institutionalization
Pensions
Long-Term Care
Disabled Persons
Nursing Homes
Registries
Patient Care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Citar esto

Marín L, Pedro Paulo ; Guzmán M, José Miguel ; Araya G, Alejandra. / Adultos mayores institucionalizados en Chile : ¿Cómo saber cuántos son?. En: Revista Medica de Chile. 2004 ; Vol. 132, N.º 7. pp. 832-838.
@article{313619d8daf54cb39c31786aa3d7c6f1,
title = "Adultos mayores institucionalizados en Chile: ¿C{\'o}mo saber cu{\'a}ntos son?",
abstract = "Background: Elderly people (>60 years) in Chile represented 11.4{\%} (n=1.717.478) of the total population in 2002. The group with disabilities or mental problems is increasing and there is no reliable information about the number of institutionalized elderly subjects. Aim: To estimate the number of elderly people living in residences for long term care and their and main characteristics. Patients and methods: Chilean Census does not provide exact information about institutional care, therefore we developed a «proxy» indicator of the percentage of institutionalized elderly (those living in «collective residences with more than 5 elderly persons and in which they represent more than 25{\%} of the residents». This proxy has a R2=0.9859 with the true value of institutionalized persons for those Latin-American countries with exact value in census data at CELADE. Results: Using the proxy we found that institutionalized elderly population had increased from 14,114 (1992) to 26,854 (2002) and is projected to reach 83,500 (2025). In 2002, there were 1.668 institutions (37.4{\%} informal care). In the Metropolitan Area, there were 804 institutions (14.178 elderly persons) and 40.3{\%} of these were registered at the Ministry of Health. The proportion of institutionalized elderly subjects was 1.56{\%} of the total elderly population; this proportion increased from 0.87{\%} in subjects 60-74 years old to 2.5{\%} among subjects aged 75-84 years and 6.1{\%} in subjects 85 years old and over. Among subjects living in institutions, 60.9 were women, 21{\%} were married, 35{\%} were single, approximately 50{\%} receive a pension and around 15{\%} were handicapped. Conclusions: Institutional care affects a small percentage of elderly population, but it will increase in the near future. The main characteristics of institutionalized elderly subjects are not well known. We propose to create a formal Registry of these institutions and to include Nursing Homes and hospitals in type of housing of future Censuses.",
keywords = "Aged, Housing for the elderly, Institutionalization, Proxy",
author = "{Mar{\'i}n L}, {Pedro Paulo} and {Guzm{\'a}n M}, {Jos{\'e} Miguel} and {Araya G}, Alejandra",
year = "2004",
month = "7",
day = "1",
language = "Spanish",
volume = "132",
pages = "832--838",
journal = "Revista Medica de Chile",
issn = "0034-9887",
publisher = "Sociedad Medica de Santiago",
number = "7",

}

Adultos mayores institucionalizados en Chile : ¿Cómo saber cuántos son? / Marín L, Pedro Paulo; Guzmán M, José Miguel; Araya G, Alejandra.

En: Revista Medica de Chile, Vol. 132, N.º 7, 01.07.2004, p. 832-838.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Adultos mayores institucionalizados en Chile

T2 - ¿Cómo saber cuántos son?

AU - Marín L, Pedro Paulo

AU - Guzmán M, José Miguel

AU - Araya G, Alejandra

PY - 2004/7/1

Y1 - 2004/7/1

N2 - Background: Elderly people (>60 years) in Chile represented 11.4% (n=1.717.478) of the total population in 2002. The group with disabilities or mental problems is increasing and there is no reliable information about the number of institutionalized elderly subjects. Aim: To estimate the number of elderly people living in residences for long term care and their and main characteristics. Patients and methods: Chilean Census does not provide exact information about institutional care, therefore we developed a «proxy» indicator of the percentage of institutionalized elderly (those living in «collective residences with more than 5 elderly persons and in which they represent more than 25% of the residents». This proxy has a R2=0.9859 with the true value of institutionalized persons for those Latin-American countries with exact value in census data at CELADE. Results: Using the proxy we found that institutionalized elderly population had increased from 14,114 (1992) to 26,854 (2002) and is projected to reach 83,500 (2025). In 2002, there were 1.668 institutions (37.4% informal care). In the Metropolitan Area, there were 804 institutions (14.178 elderly persons) and 40.3% of these were registered at the Ministry of Health. The proportion of institutionalized elderly subjects was 1.56% of the total elderly population; this proportion increased from 0.87% in subjects 60-74 years old to 2.5% among subjects aged 75-84 years and 6.1% in subjects 85 years old and over. Among subjects living in institutions, 60.9 were women, 21% were married, 35% were single, approximately 50% receive a pension and around 15% were handicapped. Conclusions: Institutional care affects a small percentage of elderly population, but it will increase in the near future. The main characteristics of institutionalized elderly subjects are not well known. We propose to create a formal Registry of these institutions and to include Nursing Homes and hospitals in type of housing of future Censuses.

AB - Background: Elderly people (>60 years) in Chile represented 11.4% (n=1.717.478) of the total population in 2002. The group with disabilities or mental problems is increasing and there is no reliable information about the number of institutionalized elderly subjects. Aim: To estimate the number of elderly people living in residences for long term care and their and main characteristics. Patients and methods: Chilean Census does not provide exact information about institutional care, therefore we developed a «proxy» indicator of the percentage of institutionalized elderly (those living in «collective residences with more than 5 elderly persons and in which they represent more than 25% of the residents». This proxy has a R2=0.9859 with the true value of institutionalized persons for those Latin-American countries with exact value in census data at CELADE. Results: Using the proxy we found that institutionalized elderly population had increased from 14,114 (1992) to 26,854 (2002) and is projected to reach 83,500 (2025). In 2002, there were 1.668 institutions (37.4% informal care). In the Metropolitan Area, there were 804 institutions (14.178 elderly persons) and 40.3% of these were registered at the Ministry of Health. The proportion of institutionalized elderly subjects was 1.56% of the total elderly population; this proportion increased from 0.87% in subjects 60-74 years old to 2.5% among subjects aged 75-84 years and 6.1% in subjects 85 years old and over. Among subjects living in institutions, 60.9 were women, 21% were married, 35% were single, approximately 50% receive a pension and around 15% were handicapped. Conclusions: Institutional care affects a small percentage of elderly population, but it will increase in the near future. The main characteristics of institutionalized elderly subjects are not well known. We propose to create a formal Registry of these institutions and to include Nursing Homes and hospitals in type of housing of future Censuses.

KW - Aged

KW - Housing for the elderly

KW - Institutionalization

KW - Proxy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=12344253672&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 15379330

AN - SCOPUS:12344253672

VL - 132

SP - 832

EP - 838

JO - Revista Medica de Chile

JF - Revista Medica de Chile

SN - 0034-9887

IS - 7

ER -