Adolescents’ Justice Evaluations of Earning Gaps in an Unequal Country: Evidence from Chile

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Resumen

Adolescents’ beliefs regarding inequality have received scant attention in social research. This article tackles the underlying processes that explain adolescents’ justice evaluations of earning gaps across status groups in Chile. I investigate whether their perception of earning gaps and fairness values mediate the relationship between socio-economic status and what they consider a just payment difference. Results show that perceptions of inequality and fairness values emerged as mediators between status and the level of inequality deemed as just, although perception played a stronger role. The results also provide evidence for a consensual legitimacy of inequality across status groups: adolescents from different status groups do not disagree on the fair payment gap. This legitimization of inequality does not necessarily entail acceptance by most youths of the high levels of income inequality in Chile. Their values and perceptions of inequality are anchored in their social standing, and this anchoring has consequences in terms of the legitimization of inequality.

Idioma originalInglés
PublicaciónYoung
Volumen28
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 18 may 2020

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Sanidad (ciencias sociales)
  • Psicología educativa y evolutiva
  • Sociología y ciencias políticas

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