Oxidative stress is the main mechanism behind efficient disinfectants, causing damage in bacterial macromolecules. Importantly, bacteria activate resistance mechanisms in response to damage generated by oxidative stress. Strategies allowing pathogens to survive oxidative stress are highly conserved among microorganisms. Many of these strategies entail genomic responses triggered by signals transduced through Two Component Systems (TCS). Recently, we demonstrated that the TCS ArcAB (specifically ArcA) participates in bacterial responses to hypochlorite, regulating the uptake of this toxic compound and being involved in resistance and survival inside neutrophils, where hypochlorous acid abounds. Here, we demonstrated that ArcA is required in the response to oxidative stress generated by hypochlorite, independent of its cognate sensor ArcB or the Asp54 of ArcA, the only phosphorylable residue in ArcA, which is required to function as a gene regulator. Our results suggest that ArcA could have additional functions to respond to oxidative stress, independent of its regulatory activity, which might require interaction with other unknown relevant proteins.
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