A molecular perspective for the development of antibodies against the human respiratory syncytial virus

Ricardo A. Loaiza, Robinson A. Ramírez, Javiera Sepúlveda-Alfaro, Mario A. Ramírez, Catalina A. Andrade, Jorge A. Soto, Pablo A. González, Susan M. Bueno, Alexis M. Kalergis

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Resumen

The human respiratory syncytial virus (hRSV) is the leading etiologic agent causing respiratory infections in infants, children, older adults, and patients with comorbidities. Sixty-seven years have passed since the discovery of hRSV, and only a few successful mitigation or treatment tools have been developed against this virus. One of these is immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies against structural proteins of the virus, such as Palivizumab, the first prophylactic approach approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of the USA. In this article, we discuss different strategies for the prevention and treatment of hRSV infection, focusing on the molecular mechanisms against each target that underly the rational design of antibodies against hRSV. At the same time, we describe the latest results regarding currently approved therapies against hRSV and the challenges associated with developing new candidates.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo105783
PublicaciónAntiviral Research
Volumen222
DOI
EstadoPublicada - feb. 2024

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Farmacología
  • Virología

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