A cross-sectional analysis of the stigma surrounding type 2 diabetes in colombia

Victor Pedrero, Jorge Manzi, Luz Marina Alonso

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Type 2 diabetes is a global epidemic, and many people feel stigmatized for having this disease. The stigma is a relevant barrier to diabetes management. However, evidence in this regard is scarce in Latin America. This study aimed to analyze the level of stigma surrounding type 2 diabetes in the Colombian population and its relationships with sociodemographic, clinical, psychosocial variables and behaviors related to management of the disease (self-management behaviors). This cross-sectional study included 501 Colombian adults with type 2 diabetes. We estimated the relation between stigma and selected variables through linear regression models. Additionally, we analyzed the mediator role of psychosocial variables in the relationship between stigma and self-management behaviors through structural equation models. A total of 16.4% of patients showed concerning levels of stigma. The time elapsed since diagnosis (β = −0.23) and socioeconomic status (β = −0.13) were significant predictors of the level of stigma. Stigma was negatively correlated with self-efficacy (β = −0.36), self-esteem (β = −0.37), and relationship with health care provider (β = −0.46), and positively correlated with stress (β = 0.23). Self-efficacy, self-esteem, and the relationships with health care providers had a mediation role in the relationship between stigma and self-management behaviors. These variables would be part of the mechanisms through which the perception of stigma harms self-management behaviors. The stigma of type 2 diabetes is frequent in the Colombian population and negatively associated with important aspects of disease management.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo12657
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volumen18
N.º23
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 dic 2021

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Contaminación
  • Salud pública, medioambiental y laboral
  • Salud, toxicología y mutagénesis

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'A cross-sectional analysis of the stigma surrounding type 2 diabetes in colombia'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto