A Comparison of Social Dominance Theory and System Justification

The Role of Social Status in 19 Nations

Salvador Vargas-Salfate, Dario Paez, James H. Liu, Felicia Pratto, Homero Gil de Zúñiga

Resultado de la investigación: Article

13 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

This study tests specific competing hypotheses from social dominance theory/realistic conflict theory (RCT) versus system justification theory about the role of social status. In particular, it examines whether system justification belief and effects are stronger among people with low socioeconomic status, and in less socially developed and unequal nations than among better-off people and countries. A cross-national survey was carried out in 19 nations from the Americas, Western and Eastern Europe, Asia, and Oceania using representative online samples (N = 14,936, 50.15% women, Mage = 41.61 years). At the individual level, system justification beliefs, right-wing authoritarianism, social dominance orientation, national identification, sociopolitical conservatism, sex, age, and social status were measured. At the national level, the human development index and the Gini index were used. Multilevel analyses performed indicated that results fit better with the social dominance/RCT approach, as system justification was higher in high-status and developed nations; further, associations between legitimizing ideologies and system justification were stronger among high-status people.

Idioma originalEnglish
Páginas (desde-hasta)1060-1076
Número de páginas17
PublicaciónPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volumen44
N.º7
DOI
EstadoAccepted/In press - 1 mar 2018

Huella dactilar

Social Dominance
Developed Countries
Oceania
Authoritarianism
Multilevel Analysis
Eastern Europe
Far East
Human Development
Politics
Social Class
Social Theory
Conflict (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

Citar esto

Vargas-Salfate, Salvador ; Paez, Dario ; Liu, James H. ; Pratto, Felicia ; Gil de Zúñiga, Homero. / A Comparison of Social Dominance Theory and System Justification : The Role of Social Status in 19 Nations. En: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2018 ; Vol. 44, N.º 7. pp. 1060-1076.
@article{8b64e7b15be447568bfaf483748c75a2,
title = "A Comparison of Social Dominance Theory and System Justification: The Role of Social Status in 19 Nations",
abstract = "This study tests specific competing hypotheses from social dominance theory/realistic conflict theory (RCT) versus system justification theory about the role of social status. In particular, it examines whether system justification belief and effects are stronger among people with low socioeconomic status, and in less socially developed and unequal nations than among better-off people and countries. A cross-national survey was carried out in 19 nations from the Americas, Western and Eastern Europe, Asia, and Oceania using representative online samples (N = 14,936, 50.15{\%} women, Mage = 41.61 years). At the individual level, system justification beliefs, right-wing authoritarianism, social dominance orientation, national identification, sociopolitical conservatism, sex, age, and social status were measured. At the national level, the human development index and the Gini index were used. Multilevel analyses performed indicated that results fit better with the social dominance/RCT approach, as system justification was higher in high-status and developed nations; further, associations between legitimizing ideologies and system justification were stronger among high-status people.",
keywords = "digital influence survey, legitimizing ideologies, national identification, social dominance, system justification",
author = "Salvador Vargas-Salfate and Dario Paez and Liu, {James H.} and Felicia Pratto and {Gil de Z{\'u}{\~n}iga}, Homero",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0146167218757455",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "1060--1076",
journal = "Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin",
issn = "0146-1672",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "7",

}

A Comparison of Social Dominance Theory and System Justification : The Role of Social Status in 19 Nations. / Vargas-Salfate, Salvador; Paez, Dario; Liu, James H.; Pratto, Felicia; Gil de Zúñiga, Homero.

En: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 44, N.º 7, 01.03.2018, p. 1060-1076.

Resultado de la investigación: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Comparison of Social Dominance Theory and System Justification

T2 - The Role of Social Status in 19 Nations

AU - Vargas-Salfate, Salvador

AU - Paez, Dario

AU - Liu, James H.

AU - Pratto, Felicia

AU - Gil de Zúñiga, Homero

PY - 2018/3/1

Y1 - 2018/3/1

N2 - This study tests specific competing hypotheses from social dominance theory/realistic conflict theory (RCT) versus system justification theory about the role of social status. In particular, it examines whether system justification belief and effects are stronger among people with low socioeconomic status, and in less socially developed and unequal nations than among better-off people and countries. A cross-national survey was carried out in 19 nations from the Americas, Western and Eastern Europe, Asia, and Oceania using representative online samples (N = 14,936, 50.15% women, Mage = 41.61 years). At the individual level, system justification beliefs, right-wing authoritarianism, social dominance orientation, national identification, sociopolitical conservatism, sex, age, and social status were measured. At the national level, the human development index and the Gini index were used. Multilevel analyses performed indicated that results fit better with the social dominance/RCT approach, as system justification was higher in high-status and developed nations; further, associations between legitimizing ideologies and system justification were stronger among high-status people.

AB - This study tests specific competing hypotheses from social dominance theory/realistic conflict theory (RCT) versus system justification theory about the role of social status. In particular, it examines whether system justification belief and effects are stronger among people with low socioeconomic status, and in less socially developed and unequal nations than among better-off people and countries. A cross-national survey was carried out in 19 nations from the Americas, Western and Eastern Europe, Asia, and Oceania using representative online samples (N = 14,936, 50.15% women, Mage = 41.61 years). At the individual level, system justification beliefs, right-wing authoritarianism, social dominance orientation, national identification, sociopolitical conservatism, sex, age, and social status were measured. At the national level, the human development index and the Gini index were used. Multilevel analyses performed indicated that results fit better with the social dominance/RCT approach, as system justification was higher in high-status and developed nations; further, associations between legitimizing ideologies and system justification were stronger among high-status people.

KW - digital influence survey

KW - legitimizing ideologies

KW - national identification

KW - social dominance

KW - system justification

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044064446&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0146167218757455

DO - 10.1177/0146167218757455

M3 - Article

VL - 44

SP - 1060

EP - 1076

JO - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

JF - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

SN - 0146-1672

IS - 7

ER -