Widespread infection with hemotropic mycoplasmas in bats in Spain, including a hemoplasma closely related to "Candidatus Mycoplasma hemohominis"

Javier Millán, Marc López-Roig, Verónica Delicado, Jordi Serra-Cobo, Fernando Esperón

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Molecular analyses of blood samples revealed infection with hemoplasmas in 97% of 31 cave bats captured in three caves in North-Eastern Spain. The characterization of 1250. bp of the 16S rRNA gene in 29 of the positive bats identified two different groups of sequences. Twenty-two Schreibers' bats (Miniopterus schreibersii) and one long-eared bat (Myotis capaccinii) shared one group, composed of seven closely related sequences. These sequences showed an identity of about 97% with ". Candidatus Mycoplasma hemohominis" and the phylogenetic branch including bat and human sequences showed a 100% bootstrap value, supporting a close phylogenetic relationship between these hemoplasmas. The second group, representing a potentially novel species, was composed of a single sequence shared by six Schreibers' bats that had 91% identity with the recently reported hemoplasma from little brown bats in North America. Large bat aggregations in roosting caves probably benefits intra and inter-species transmission explaining the high observed prevalence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-12
Number of pages4
JournalComparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Volume39
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Catalonia
  • Chiroptera
  • Hemotropic mycoplasmas
  • Mycoplasma sp

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Infectious Diseases

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