Why Do Chilean Women Choose to Have or Not Have Pap Tests?

María Teresa Urrutia, Alejandra Araya, Maria Fernanda Jaque

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objective To describe the perceptions of Chilean women about why women choose to have or not have Pap test screening. Design Qualitative research using content analysis according to Krippendorf. Setting Four urban health clinics in Santiago, Chile. Participants Fifty-seven Chilean women. Methods Audiotaped focus groups. Results Six themes emerged: Reasons that make it difficult for women to schedule appointments, Characteristics of health professionals that make it difficult to have a Pap test, Characteristics of the test that are barriers to having a Pap test, The relationship of the test with cancer, Family context, and Each woman's personal characteristics. Conclusion Primary health care providers play an important role in promoting adherence to cervical cancer screening. Nurses should proactively address women's perceptions and knowledge about screening and openly and uniformly discuss the importance and benefits of Pap test screening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e3-e12
JournalJOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Pap test
  • adherence
  • cervical cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics
  • Critical Care
  • Maternity and Midwifery


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