When Doctors and AI Interact: on Human Responsibility for Artificial Risks

Mario Verdicchio, Andrea Perin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


A discussion concerning whether to conceive Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems as responsible moral entities, also known as “artificial moral agents” (AMAs), has been going on for some time. In this regard, we argue that the notion of “moral agency” is to be attributed only to humans based on their autonomy and sentience, which AI systems lack. We analyze human responsibility in the presence of AI systems in terms of meaningful control and due diligence and argue against fully automated systems in medicine. With this perspective in mind, we focus on the use of AI-based diagnostic systems and shed light on the complex networks of persons, organizations and artifacts that come to be when AI systems are designed, developed, and used in medicine. We then discuss relational criteria of judgment in support of the attribution of responsibility to humans when adverse events are caused or induced by errors in AI systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11
JournalPhilosophy and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022


  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Due diligence
  • Medicine
  • Moral agency
  • Principle of confidence
  • Responsibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • History and Philosophy of Science


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