Voluntary Running Triggers VGF-Mediated Oligodendrogenesis to Prolong the Lifespan of Snf2h-Null Ataxic Mice

Matías Alvarez-Saavedra, Yves De Repentigny, Doo Yang, Ryan W. O'Meara, Keqin Yan, Lukas E. Hashem, Lemuel Racacho, Ilya Ioshikhes, Dennis E. Bulman, Robin J. Parks, Rashmi Kothary, David J. Picketts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exercise has been argued to enhance cognitive function and slow progressive neurodegenerative disease. Although exercise promotes neurogenesis, oligodendrogenesis and adaptive myelination are also significant contributors to brain repair and brain health. Nonetheless, the molecular details underlying these effects remain poorly understood. Conditional ablation of the Snf2h gene impairs cerebellar development producing mice with poor motor function, progressive ataxia, and death between postnatal days 25–45. Here, we show that voluntary running induced an endogenous brain repair mechanism that resulted in a striking increase in hindbrain myelination and the long-term survival of Snf2h cKO mice. Further experiments identified the VGF growth factor as a major driver underlying this effect. VGF neuropeptides promote oligodendrogenesis in vitro, whereas Snf2h cKO mice treated with full-length VGF-encoding adenoviruses removed the requirement of exercise for survival. Together, these results suggest that VGF delivery could represent a therapeutic strategy for cerebellar ataxia and other pathologies of the CNS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)862-875
Number of pages14
JournalCell Reports
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cerebellum
  • exercise
  • myelin
  • oligodendrocyte
  • Purkinje
  • remyelination
  • running
  • Smarca5
  • Snf2h
  • VGF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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