Validation of the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory in Chilean older people

Claudia Miranda-Castillo, Daniel Contreras, Karin Garay, Paula Martínez, María O. León-Campos, Maryam Farhang, Javier Morán, Virginia Fernández-Fernández

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Currently in Chile there is a lack of validated tools for measuring anxiety in the elderly population. Considering this, the purpose of this study was to validate the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) in the country. Method: An analysis of the psychometric properties of the GAI was carried out, using a non-clinical sample of 301 older adults in the Metropolitan and Valparaíso regions of Chile. Older people were asked about anxiety, rumination, depression, well-being and sociodemographic data. Results: An excellent internal reliability was obtained with a Cronbach score of 0.931. An adequate convergent validity was observed with the Depression scales (CES-D) (Rho = 0.549, p <.01), Rumination (RSS) (Rho = 0.618; p < 0.01) and Experiential avoiding (Rho = 0.485; p < 0.01). On the other hand, the discriminant validity of the psychological well-being scale presented a negative correlation of Rho = -0.699 (p < 0.01). Finally, and Exploratory Factor Analysis was made, revealing a one-dimensional model of the instrument. Conclusion: The Geriatric Anxiety Inventory has very good psychometric properties measuring anxiety in elderly people, being an adequate instrument for the screening of anxiety on this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-85
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Volume83
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019

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geriatrics
Geriatrics
Anxiety
anxiety
Equipment and Supplies
Chile
Psychometrics
psychometrics
well-being
Depression
Population
Statistical Factor Analysis
factor analysis
Psychology
lack

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Older people
  • Reliability
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Ageing
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Miranda-Castillo, C., Contreras, D., Garay, K., Martínez, P., León-Campos, M. O., Farhang, M., ... Fernández-Fernández, V. (2019). Validation of the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory in Chilean older people. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 83, 81-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.019
Miranda-Castillo, Claudia ; Contreras, Daniel ; Garay, Karin ; Martínez, Paula ; León-Campos, María O. ; Farhang, Maryam ; Morán, Javier ; Fernández-Fernández, Virginia. / Validation of the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory in Chilean older people. In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 2019 ; Vol. 83. pp. 81-85.
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Miranda-Castillo, C, Contreras, D, Garay, K, Martínez, P, León-Campos, MO, Farhang, M, Morán, J & Fernández-Fernández, V 2019, 'Validation of the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory in Chilean older people', Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, vol. 83, pp. 81-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2019.03.019

Validation of the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory in Chilean older people. / Miranda-Castillo, Claudia; Contreras, Daniel; Garay, Karin; Martínez, Paula; León-Campos, María O.; Farhang, Maryam; Morán, Javier; Fernández-Fernández, Virginia.

In: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 83, 01.07.2019, p. 81-85.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Miranda-Castillo, Claudia

AU - Contreras, Daniel

AU - Garay, Karin

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AU - Morán, Javier

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N2 - Objective: Currently in Chile there is a lack of validated tools for measuring anxiety in the elderly population. Considering this, the purpose of this study was to validate the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) in the country. Method: An analysis of the psychometric properties of the GAI was carried out, using a non-clinical sample of 301 older adults in the Metropolitan and Valparaíso regions of Chile. Older people were asked about anxiety, rumination, depression, well-being and sociodemographic data. Results: An excellent internal reliability was obtained with a Cronbach score of 0.931. An adequate convergent validity was observed with the Depression scales (CES-D) (Rho = 0.549, p <.01), Rumination (RSS) (Rho = 0.618; p < 0.01) and Experiential avoiding (Rho = 0.485; p < 0.01). On the other hand, the discriminant validity of the psychological well-being scale presented a negative correlation of Rho = -0.699 (p < 0.01). Finally, and Exploratory Factor Analysis was made, revealing a one-dimensional model of the instrument. Conclusion: The Geriatric Anxiety Inventory has very good psychometric properties measuring anxiety in elderly people, being an adequate instrument for the screening of anxiety on this population.

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