Unraveling the Nature of the Catalytic Power of Fluoroacetate Dehalogenase

Sebastián Miranda-Rojas, Israel Fernández, Johannes Kästner, Alejandro Toro-Labbé, Fernando Mendizábal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fluoroacetate dehalogenase is able to cleavage a carbon–fluoride bond, the strongest carbon–halogen bond in nature, in a process initiated by a SN2 reaction. The role of the enzyme machinery and particularly of the halogen pocket in the SN2 reaction is thoroughly explored by using state-of-the-art computational tools. A comparison between the non-catalyzed versus enzyme-catalyzed reaction, as well as with a mutant of the enzyme (Tyr219Phe), is presented. The energy barrier changes are rationalized by means of reaction force analysis and the activation strain model coupled with energy decomposition analysis. The catalysis is in part caused by the reduction of structural work from bringing the reactant species towards the proper reaction orientation, and the reduction of the electrostatic repulsion between the nucleophile and the substrate, which are both negatively charged. In addition, catalysis is also driven by an important reduction of the electronic reorganization processes during the reaction, where Tyr from the halogen pocket acts as a charge acceptor from the SN2 reaction axis therefore reducing the electronic steric repulsion between the reacting parts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1052-1063
Number of pages12
JournalChemCatChem
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • activation strain model
  • energy decomposition analysis
  • enzyme catalysis
  • reaction force

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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