Transcriptomic response of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)skeletal muscle to Flavobacterium psychrophilum

Andrea Rivas-Aravena, Marcia Fuentes-Valenzuela, Sebastian Escobar-Aguirre, Cristian Gallardo-Escarate, Alfredo Molina, Juan Antonio Valdés

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Flavobacterium psychrophilum is the etiologic agent of rainbow trout fry syndrome (RTFS). This pathogen infects a wide variety of salmonid species during freshwater stages, causing significant losses in the aquaculture industry. Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)infected with F. psychrophilum, presents as the main external clinical sign ulcerative lesions and necrotic myositis in skeletal muscle. We previously reported the in vitro cytotoxic activity of F. psychrophilum on rainbow trout myoblast, however little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying the in vivo pathogenesis in skeletal muscle. In this study, we examined the transcriptomic profiles of skeletal muscle tissue of rainbow trout intraperitoneally challenged with low infection dose of F. psychrophilum. Using high-throughput RNA-seq, we found that 233 transcripts were up-regulated, mostly associated to ubiquitin mediated proteolysis and apoptosis. Conversely, 189 transcripts were down-regulated, associated to skeletal muscle contraction. This molecular signature was consistent with creatine kinase activity in plasma and oxidative damage in skeletal muscle. Moreover, the increased caspase activity suggests as a whole skeletal muscle atrophy induced by F. psychrophilum. This study offers an integrative analysis of the skeletal muscle response to F. psychrophilum infection and reveals unknown aspects of its pathogenesis in rainbow trout.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100596
JournalComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part D: Genomics and Proteomics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2019


  • Flavobacterium psychrophilum
  • RNA-seq, rainbow trout
  • Skeletal muscle atrophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics


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