Tissue uptake of human sex hormone-binding globulin and its influence on ligand kinetics in the adult female rat

G. Noe, Y. C. Cheng, M. Dabike, H. B. Croxatto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The distribution of human sex hormone-binding globulin (hSHBG) and its influence upon the kinetics of its ligands were assessed in the adult female rat, which lacks a comparable protein in serum. Purified hSHBG was administered i.v. to adult female rats as a single bolus. The plasma disappearance rate of immunoreactive hSHBG had one component with a half-life of 15 h. The estradiol (E2) binding activity of serum attributable to hSHBG was elevated 2-fold; during a continuous infusion of E2, hSHBG increased E2 serum levels above those of control infused animals. Treatment with hSHBG did not modify the plasma clearance of endogenous E2, but accelerated the disappearance rate of 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT). In animals injected with a tracer dose of radioactive steroids, pretreatment with hSHBG increased uterine and oviductal accumulation of E2- but not DHT-associated radioactivity. This effect was specific to some E2 target tissues since hSHBG did not alter the concentration of E2- or DHT-associated radioactivity in the hypophysis, liver, diaphragm, or brain. Treatment with anti-E2 antibodies, which elevated E2 binding activity in serum, decreased the accumulation of E2-associated radioactivity in uterus and oviduct. Immunofluorescent localization of hSHBG revealed intense labeling of the uterine and oviductal epithelium. We conclude that this foreign hormone- binding globulin introduced in serum at concentrations that have minimal circulating reservoir effect on E2 can reach intracellular domains and affect the concentration of this ligand in target tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)970-976
Number of pages7
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume47
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Tissue uptake of human sex hormone-binding globulin and its influence on ligand kinetics in the adult female rat'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this