Theoretical study of sensitizer candidates for dye-sensitized solar cells: Peripheral substituted dizinc pyrazinoporphyrazine-phthalocyanine complexes

Ximena Zarate, Eduardo Schott, Tatiana Gomez, Ramiro Arratia-Pérez

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51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have carried out a theoretical study of the geometrical and electronic structures of a family of planar dimers constituted by zinc(II) pyrazinoporphyrazine and zinc(II) phthalocyanine with peripheral electron-donating and electron-withdrawing substituents R [where R =-OH (1),-C(CH3)3 (2),-CH3 (3),-C6H 5 (4),-H (5),-CO2H (7),-NO2 (7), and-PO 3H2 (8)]. The complexes are connected by varying the bridge (B) ligand, where, in 1-9, B is-CH= and, in 10-12, B is-N=,-O-, and-S-, respectively. The-CO2H group was included in complexes identified as 9-12. This was done because of the known properties of this group in acting as an anchor to adsorb a dye onto a semiconductor oxide. The aim of this work was to provide a useful theoretical basis for the design and screening of new potential dye candidates to be used in these devices, based on the properties of the dyes suitable for their good performance in solar cells, such as frontier molecular orbital spatial distributions; charge-separated states in the electronic transitions in the visible region of the spectrum; and importantly, the energy diagram of the frontier MOs of these dyes and the conduction band (CB) of the semiconductor, where the LUMO energy levels that are above of the CB suggest which dyes are capable of electron injection into TiO2. In this sense, it is expected that complexes 1-5 and 9-12 should be very promising dyes to act as sensitizers. Finally, a linear correlation was found between the HOMO and LUMO energies of all of the systems and the Hammett constants, where these molecular orbitals become more stable when R is more electron-withdrawing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)430-438
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume117
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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