The tale of the Milky Way globular cluster NGC 6362 – I. The orbit and its possible extended star debris features as revealed by Gaia DR2

Richa Kundu, José G. Fernández-Trincado, Dante Minniti, Harinder P. Singh, Edmundo Moreno, Céline Reylé, Annie C. Robin, Mario Soto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the identification of possible extended star debris candidates beyond the cluster tidal radius of NGC 6362 based on the second Gaia data release (Gaia DR2). We found 259 objects possibly associated with the cluster lying in the vicinity of the giant branch and 1–2 magnitudes fainter/brighter than the main-sequence turn-off in the cluster colour–magnitude diagram and which cover an area on the sky of ∼4.1 deg2 centred on the cluster. We traced back the orbit of NGC 6362 in a realistic Milky Way potential, using the GRAVPOT16 package, for 3 Gyr. The orbit shows that the cluster shares similar orbital properties as the inner disc, having peri-/apogalactic distances, and maximum vertical excursion from the Galactic plane inside the corotation radius (CR), moving inwards from CR radius to visit the inner regions of the Milky Way. The dynamical history of the cluster reveals that it has crossed the Galactic disc several times in its lifetime and has recently undergone a gravitational shock, ∼15.9 Myr ago, suggesting that less than 0.1 per cent of its mass has been lost during the current disc-shocking event. Based on the cluster’s orbit and position in the Galaxy, we conclude that the possible extended star debris candidates are a combined effect of the shocks from the Galactic disc and evaporation from the cluster. Lastly, the evolution of the vertical component of the angular momentum shows that the cluster is strongly affected dynamically by the Galactic bar potential.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4565-4573
Number of pages9
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume489
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Dynamics
  • Galaxy: kinematics
  • Globular clusters: individual: NGC 6362

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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