The Short-term Effect of Graded Motor Imagery on the Affective Components of Pain in Subjects with Chronic Shoulder Pain Syndrome: Open-Label Single-Arm Prospective Study

Felipe Araya-Quintanilla, Marıa Jesus Muñoz-Yanez, David Rubio-Oyarzun, Ivan Cavero-Redondo, Vicente Martınez-Vizcaino, Celia Alvarez-Bueno

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. To determine the short-term effect of graded motor imagery (GMI) on the affective components of pain and range of motion in subjects with chronic shoulder pain syndrome. Design. Open-label single-arm prospective study. Setting. The Physical Therapy Laboratory, Universidad de las Americas. Subjects. One hundred seven patients with chronic shoulder pain syndrome. Methods. The subjects received a six-week GMI program based on laterality training, imagined movements, and mirror therapy. We assessed pain intensity using a visual analog scale (VAS), fear of movement was assessed using the Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK), and catastrophizing was assessed using the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS). The patient’s flexion active range of motion (AROM) was also recorded. Results. At the end of treatment, the VAS showed a decrease of 4.2 cm (P < 0.001, Cohen’s d = 3.3), TSK showed a decrease of 17.0 points (P < 0.001, Cohen’s d = 2.8), catastrophizing showed a decrease of 19.2 points (P < 0.001, Cohen’s d = 3.2), and shoulder flexion AROM showed an increment of 30.3° (P < 0.000, Cohen’s d = 1.6). Conclusions. We conclude that a short-term GMI program improves the affective components of pain and shoulder flexion AROM in patients with chronic shoulder pain syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2496-2501
Number of pages6
JournalPain Medicine (United States)
Volume21
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Catastrophizing
  • Chronic Pain
  • Chronic Shoulder Pain Syndrome
  • Graded Motor Imagery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Short-term Effect of Graded Motor Imagery on the Affective Components of Pain in Subjects with Chronic Shoulder Pain Syndrome: Open-Label Single-Arm Prospective Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this