Purpose: This paper aims to study the effect of family socioeconomic status (SES) on academic and labor market outcomes. Design/methodology/approach: The authors used a rich data set of administrative records for test scores, individual background and adult earnings of a cohort of agents, covering a period spanning the agents' upper-secondary education and their early years in the labor market. Findings: The authors find that students with the highest SES obtained a 1.5 standard deviations higher score in the college admission test than students who had the same academic outcomes in the eighth grade test but belong to the lowest SES. Similarly, among students that obtained the same scores in the college admission test, those with the highest SES earned monthly wages 0.7 standard deviations higher than those with the lowest SES. Originality/value: The findings highlight that family socioeconomic background continues to influence outcomes during individuals’ upper secondary education and early years in the labor market.
- Academic achievement
- Human capital
- Socioeconomic status
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)