The intergalactic medium transmission towards z ≥ 4 galaxies with VANDELS and the impact of dust attenuation

R. Thomas, L. Pentericci, O. Le Fevre, G. Zamorani, D. Schaerer, R. Amorin, M. Castellano, A. C. Carnall, S. Cristiani, F. Cullen, S. L. Finkelstein, F. Fontanot, L. Guaita, P. Hibon, N. Hathi, J. P.U. Fynbo, Y. Khusanova, A. M. Koekemoer, D. McLeod, R. J. McLureF. Marchi, L. Pozzetti, A. Saxena, M. Talia, M. Bolzonella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims. Our aim is to estimate the intergalactic medium (IGM) transmission towards UV-selected star-forming galaxies at z≥ 4 and study the effect of the dust attenuation on these measurements. Methods. The UV spectrum of high-redshift galaxies is a combination of their intrinsic emission and the effect of the IGM absorption along their line of sight. Using data coming from the unprecedentedly deep spectroscopy from the VANDELS ESO public survey carried out with the VIMOS instrument, we compute both the dust extinction and the mean transmission of the IGM as well as its scatter from a set of 281 galaxies at z > 3.87. Because of a degeneracy between the dust content of the galaxy and the IGM, we first estimate the stellar dust extinction parameter E(B - V) and study the result as a function of the dust prescription. Using these measurements as constraint for the spectral fit we estimate the IGM transmission Tr(Lyα). Both photometric and spectroscopic spectral energy distribution fits are performed using the SPectroscopy And photometRy fiTting tool for Astronomical aNalysis which is able to fit the spectral continuum of the galaxies as well as photometric data. Results. Using the classical Calzetti attenuation law we find that E(B - V) goes from 0.11 at z = 3.99 to 0.08 at z = 5.15. These results are in very close agreement with published measurements. We estimate the IGM transmission and find that the transmission is decreasing with increasing redshift from Tr(Lyα) = 0.53 at z = 3.99 to 0.28 at z = 5.15. We also find a large standard deviation around the average transmission that is more than 0.1 at every redshift. Our results are in very good agreement with both previous measurements from AGN studies and with theoretical models.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA110
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume634
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Galaxies: general
  • Galaxies: high-redshift
  • Intergalactic medium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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