The Blue Straggler Population of the Open Clusters Trumpler 5, Trumpler 20, and NGC 2477

M. J. Rain, G. Carraro, J. A. Ahumada, S. Villanova, H. Boffin, L. Monaco

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6 Citations (Scopus)


We present a study based on Gaia DR2 of the population of blue straggler stars in the open clusters Trumpler 5, Trumpler 20, and NGC 2477. All candidates were selected according to their position in the color-magnitude diagram, their proper motion components, and their parallax. We also looked for yellow stragglers, i.e., possible evolved blue stragglers. We found that Trumpler 5 hosts a large blue straggler star population, which allowed us to analyze their radial distribution as a probe of the cluster's dynamical status. The blue straggler star distribution was compared with that of red giant branch stars to evaluate mass segregation. Our results indicate that blue straggler stars are not more centrally concentrated than red giant branch stars stars in any of the clusters. The radial distribution of blue straggler stars in Trumpler 5 is flat. Additionally, using a multi-epoch radial velocity survey conducted with the high-resolution spectrograph FLAMES/GIRAFFE at the Very Large Telescope, we measured the radial velocities of a sample of stragglers to compare with the mean radial velocity and velocity dispersion of the clusters. Based on the radial velocity variations for different epochs, we roughly classified these stars as possible close or long-period binaries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number37
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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