Tectono-stratigraphic evolution of the Andean Orogen between 31 and 37°S (Chile and Western Argentina)

Reynaldo Charrier, Victor A. Ramos, Felipe Tapia, Lucía Sagripanti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Citations (Scopus)


In this classic segment, many tectonic processes, like flat-subduction, terrane accretion and steepening of the subduction, among others, provide a robust framework for their understanding. Five orogenic cycles, with variations in location and type of magmatism, tectonic regimes and development of different accretionary prisms, show a complex evolution. Accretion of a continental terrane in the Pampean cycle exhumed lower to middle crust in Early Cambrian. The Ordovician magmatic arc, associated metamorphism and foreland basin formation characterized the Famatinian cycle. In Late Devonian, the collision of Chilenia and associated high-pressure/low-temperature metamorphism contrasts with the late Palaeozoic accretionary prisms. Contractional deformation in Early to Middle Permian was followed by extension and rhyolitic (Choiyoi) magmatism. Triassic to earliest Jurassic rifting was followed by subduction and extension, dominated by Pacific marine ingressions, during Jurassic and Early Cretaceous. The Late Cretaceous was characterized by uplift and exhumation of the Andean Cordillera. An Atlantic ingression occurred in latest Cretaceous. Cenozoic contraction and uplift pulses alternate with Oligocene extension. Late Cenozoic subduction was characterized by the Pampean flat-subduction, the clockwise block tectonic rotations in the normal subduction segments and the magmatism in Payenia. These processes provide evidence that the Andean tectonic model is far from a straightforward geological evolution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-61
Number of pages49
JournalGeological Society Special Publication
Publication statusPublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Geology


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