Teachers victimizing students: Contributions of student-to-teacher victimization, peer victimization, school safety, and school climate in Chile

Verónica López, Rami Benbenishty, Ron Avi Astor, Paula Ascorra, Luis González

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Although most of the school violence literature is focused on peer victimization, interest is growing in teachers being victimized by their students. However, there is far less interest in students being victimized by their teachers, patterns of mutual victimization, and how they are associated with other school factors. Using the conceptual framework of school violence in evolving contexts, the present study examined teacher-to-student victimization in Chile and tested, for the first time, the associations of student-to-teacher victimization, peer victimization, school safety, classroom climate, and school climate at the individual and school levels. The sample consisted of 50,344 students (51.6% female) in Grades 5-8 in 431 schools in Chilean public-funded schools. Findings indicated that verbal types of teacher-student mutual victimization were more prevalent than physical and sexual victimization. Teacher-to-student victimization was higher among male and younger students. Multilevel analyses showed that student-to-teacher victimization, school safety, classroom climate, and school climate were associated with teacher-to-student victimization. We discuss the need for whole-school approaches that enhance social and academic support from teachers to reduce mutual forms of victimization and suggest a public health approach that places the school in the center.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)432-444
    Number of pages13
    JournalAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry
    Volume90
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Keywords

    • School violence
    • Students
    • Teachers
    • Victimization

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
    • Psychology (miscellaneous)
    • Psychiatry and Mental health

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Teachers victimizing students: Contributions of student-to-teacher victimization, peer victimization, school safety, and school climate in Chile'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this