Structural effects of amphiphilic block copolymers on the gold nanoplates synthesis. Experimental and theoretical study

C. Saldías, A. Leiva, C. Quezada, P. Jaque, L. Gargallo, D. Radic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Geometric and multi-arms gold nanoplates were synthesized by direct reaction between two different amphiphilic block copolymers and KAuCl 4 in aqueous solution. Amphiphilic copolymers containing blocks of -caprolactone and N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone were used. The block copolymer structures and concentration play a key role on the morphology and size of gold nanoparticles. Copolymers have a dual function as reductant and stabilizer agent. The gold nanoparticles obtained were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). On the other hand, electronic structure calculations, based on density functional theory were performed to support the experimental results. The simple models built with small clusters of gold and co-monomer units provide planar structures complexes with higher stabilization energies. These results agree with the nanoplates obtained experimentally. Moreover, the reactivity analysis based on monoelectronic properties suggests that the formation of aggregates between complexes is favored.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1866-1876
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume47
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Amphiphilic copolymer
  • Gold clusters
  • Gold nanoparticles
  • Polymer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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