Spatiotemporal intracellular dynamics of neurotrophin and its receptors. Implications for neurotrophin signaling and neuronal function

F. C. Bronfman, O. M. Lazo, C. Flores, C. A. Escudero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neurons possess a polarized morphology specialized to contribute to neuronal networks, and this morphology imposes an important challenge for neuronal signaling and communication. The physiology of the network is regulated by neurotrophic factors that are secreted in an activity-dependent manner modulating neuronal connectivity. Neurotrophins are a well-known family of neurotrophic factors that, together with their cognate receptors, the Trks and the p75 neurotrophin receptor, regulate neuronal plasticity and survival and determine the neuronal phenotype in healthy and regenerating neurons. Is it now becoming clear that neurotrophin signaling and vesicular transport are coordinated to modify neuronal function because disturbances of vesicular transport mechanisms lead to disturbed neurotrophin signaling and to diseases of the nervous system. This chapter summarizes our current understanding of how the regulated secretion of neurotrophin, the distribution of neurotrophin receptors in different locations of neurons, and the intracellular transport of neurotrophin-induced signaling in distal processes are achieved to allow coordinated neurotrophin signaling in the cell body and axons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-65
Number of pages33
JournalHandbook of Experimental Pharmacology
Volume220
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endosomes
  • Molecular motors
  • Neurotrophins
  • P75
  • Rab GTPases
  • Retrograde signaling
  • Trks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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