Shaping learner contributions in the EFL language classroom: A Conversation analytic perspective

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study sought to demonstrate the importance that the shaping of learner contributions has in the provision of opportunities for participation and learning in the EFL classroom. A particular set of interactional features that can shape learners' utterances were examined: scaffolding, requests for clarification and confirmation checks. These features have been found to promote language participation and learning from a classroom discourse perspective (Walsh, 2002; Walsh and Li, 2013; Can Daskin, 2014). The study was also informed by the sociocultural concept of learning as a social affair that is achieved through participation (Lantolf, 2000; Donate, 2000; Mondada & Pekarek, 2004). A Conversation Analysis (CA) methodology was used to analyse two extracts collected in EFL classrooms at a language institute in Santiago, Chile. Findings suggested that when teachers shape their learners' contributions by means of scaffolding, clarification requests and confirmation checks in a pedagogical environment that promotes conversation, participation and learning will likely be enhanced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-76
Number of pages24
JournalLenguas Modernas
Volume2017
Issue number49
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Conversation Analysis
  • Language classroom discourse
  • Learning opportunities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

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