Screening the presence of non‐typhoidal salmonella in different animal systems and the assessment of antimicrobial resistance

Dácil Rivera, Kasim Allel, Fernando Dueñas, Rodolfo Tardone, Paula Soza, Christopher Hamilton‐west, Andrea I. Moreno‐switt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Salmonella is a major bacterial foodborne pathogen that causes the majority of worldwide food‐related outbreaks and hospitalizations. Salmonellosis outbreaks can be caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains, emphasizing the importance of maintaining public health and safer food production. Nevertheless, the drivers of MDR Salmonella serovars have remained poorly under-stood. In this study, we compare the resistance profiles of Salmonella strains isolated from 4047 samples from domestic and wild animals in Chile. A total of 106 Salmonella strains (2.61%) are isolated, and their serogroups are characterized and tested for susceptibility to 16 different antimicrobials. The association between antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and a subset of independent variables is evaluated using multivariate logistic models. Our results show that 47 antimicrobial‐resistant strains were found (44.3% of the total strains). Of the 47, 28 correspond to single‐drug resistance (SDR = 26.4%) and 19 are MDR (17.9%). S. Enteritidis is highly persistent in animal production sys-tems; however, we report that serogroup D strains are 18 times less likely to be resistant to at least one antimicrobial agent than the most common serogroup (serogroup B). The antimicrobials pre-senting the greatest contributions to AMR are ampicillin, streptomycin and tetracycline. Addition-ally, equines and industrial swine are more likely to acquire Salmonella strains with AMR. This study reports antimicrobial‐susceptible and resistant Salmonella in Chile by expanding the extant literature on the potential variables affecting antimicrobial‐resistant Salmonella.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1532
JournalAnimals
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Antimicrobial‐resistant
  • Chile
  • Multidrug-resistant
  • Non‐typhoidal Salmonella
  • Salmonella serogroup D
  • Screening of Salmonella

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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