Salmonella Typhi shdA: Pseudogene or allelic variant?

I. M. Urrutia, J. A. Fuentes, L. M. Valenzuela, A. P. Ortega, A. A. Hidalgo, G. C. Mora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


ShdA from Salmonella Typhimurium (ShdASTm) is a large outer membrane protein that specifically recognizes and binds to fibronectin. ShdASTm is involved in the colonization of the cecum and the Peyer's patches of terminal ileum in mice. On the other hand, shdA gene from Salmonella Typhi (shdASTy) has been considered a pseudogene (i.e. a nonfunctional sequence of genomic DNA) due to the presence of deletions and mutations that gave rise to premature stop codons. In this work we show that, despite the deletions and mutations, shdASTy is fully functional. S. Typhi δshdA mutants presented an impaired adherence and invasion of HEp-2 pre-treated with TGF-β1, an inducer of fibronectin production. Moreover, shdA from S. Typhi and S. Typhimurium seem to be equivalent since shdASTm restored the adherence and invasion of S. Typhi δshdA mutant to wild type levels. In addition, anti-FLAG mAbs interfered with the adherence and invasion of the S. Typhi shdA-3xFLAG strain. Finally, shdASTy encodes a detectable protein when heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli DH5α.The data presented here show that shdASTy is not a pseudogene, but a different functional allele compared with shdASTm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-152
Number of pages7
JournalInfection, Genetics and Evolution
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014


  • Fibronectin
  • Host-specificity
  • Pseudogene
  • ShdA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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