Relationship between aggressive features of oral squamous cell carcinoma and the immunoexpression of CX3CR1, CX3CL1 and ITGAV

René Martínez-Flores, Carlo Lozano-Burgos, Sven Eric Niklander, Michelle Fernández-Cuya, Márcio Ajudarte Lopes, Wilfredo Alejandro González-Arriagada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: We aimed to describe the association between CX3CR1, CX3CL1, and ITGAV immunoexpression with PNI and adverse oncologic outcomes in patients with OSCC. Study Design: Expression CX3CR1, CX3CL1, and ITGAV was assessed by immunohistochemistry in a cohort of 50 paraffin-embedded resections of OSCC. Survival analysis, Cox, and binary logistic regressions were undertaken to determine the impact on patient survival and predictive value for PNI. Results: CX3CL1 positive nerves exhibited a significant association with tumor budding (TB) (P =.043), whereas nerves positive for ITGAV were associated with PNI (P =.021), T3-T4 tumor size (P =.029), and III-IV stage (P =.044). Cases with ITGAV-positive nerves exhibited an odds ratio of 9.603 (P =.008) for PNI, whereas cases with CX3CL1-positive nerves exhibited and odds ratio of 4.682 (P =.033) for TB. A trend toward decreased 5-year overall survival (P =.078) and 5-year disease-specific survival (P =.09) was observed in relation to ITGAV-positive nerves. However, no independent predictors for poor survival were identified. Conclusions: The expression of ITGAV was associated with PNI and advanced disease, whereas the expression of CX3CL1 was related to TB, suggesting that ITGAV and CX3CL1 are involved in their respective developments. Therefore, further investigations are encouraged to assess the potential utility of targeted therapies against CX3CL1 receptors in OSCC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Dentistry (miscellaneous)
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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